Chronic degenerative disorders have become a major health problem in Mexico. Cardiovascular diseases represent the first cause of death in our country. Diabetes mellitus (DM) has emerged as the main health problem in Mexico. Its prevalence doubled from < 3% in the 1960s to 6% in the 1980s. Between 1993 and 2000, diabetes mellitus increased from 6.7% to 8.2%, a 22% growth over a seven-year period. In 1995, the cost of the treatment of DM represented 15.48% of the health budget and 0.79% of the GDP. The prevalence of hypertension (HTN) increased from 10% in 1933 to 20% in 1990 and from 23.8% to 30.7% between 1993 and 2000. The expenditures from HTN in 1999 corresponded to 13.9% of the health budget, and 0.71% of GDP. Dyslipidemias are very common. Close to 40% of the population has levels of HDL cholesterol < 35 mg/dL, 24.3% has fasting triglycerides > 200 mg/dL, and 10% has hypercholesterolemia. The prevalence of obesity increased from 21.4% in 1993, to 23.7% in the year 2000. Eight percent of the population has a glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min, and 9.1% has proteinuria. Twenty-four percent uses tobacco regularly, and 13% had the habit in the past. Smoking is more frequent among diabetics (34%).In conclusion, cardiovascular risks factors are highly common among the Mexican population and increasing at alarming rates. Preventive programs targeted to decrease their prevalence are urgently needed in Mexico and should become a national priority.