Cardiovascular reflex responses induced by epicardial chemoreceptor stimulation.


The cardiac mechano- and chemoreceptors are broadly distributed in the myocardium and coronary vessels. A portion of these receptors extends over the epicardium and pericardium and therefore can be excited by mechanical or chemical stimuli directly applied to the surface of the heart. Excitation of epicardial receptors by topical application of chemical… (More)


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