Cardiovascular mortality and calcium and magnesium in drinking water: An ecological study in elderly people

  title={Cardiovascular mortality and calcium and magnesium in drinking water: An ecological study in elderly people},
  author={S{\'e}bastien Marque and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Jacqmin-Gadda and Jean-François Dartigues and Daniel Commenges},
  journal={European Journal of Epidemiology},
Background: Previous studies found relations between cardiovascular mortality and minerals in drinking water, but the major works considered water hardness or neglected the differences between adults and elderly. Drinking water is an important source of calcium in the elderly particularly because of increased needs and decreased consumption of dairy products. Methods: We collected informations about all deaths (14,311) occurring in 69 parishes of the South–West of France during 7 years (1990… 
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  • C. Ong
  • Environmental Science
  • 2004
Low mineral intakes from foods and water are common in many parts of the world. Today, subclinical deficiencies of iron, zinc and calcium prevail in the developed and developing world. Although
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Magnesium and calcium in drinking water and cardiovascular mortality.
Results from previous studies suggesting that a high magnesium level in drinking water reduces the risk for death from ischemic heart disease, especially among men, although the possible importance of confounding factors needs further evaluation.
Calcium and magnesium in drinking water and risk of death from cerebrovascular disease.
There is a significant protective effect of magnesium intake from drinking water on the risk of cerebrovascular disease in Taiwan, an important finding for the Taiwan water industry and human health.
Magnesium and calcium in drinking water and death from acute myocardial infarction in women.
The results suggest that magnesium and calcium in drinking water are important protective factors for death from acute myocardial infarction among women.
Calcium and magnesium in drinking water and the risk of death from hypertension.
Components of drinking water and risk of cognitive impairment in the elderly.
The relation between aluminum, fluorine, calcium, and pH in drinking water and the risk for cognitive impairment was studied using data collected in 1988-1989 in a population-based survey of 3,777
Association Between Calcium Ingested from Drinking Water and Femoral Bone Density in Elderly Women: Evidence from the EPIDOS Cohort
The consumption of calcium‐rich mineral water may be of interest, especially in older women who consume little calcium from dairy products, and that supplied by drinking water and bone density measured at the femoral neck by dual‐energy X‐ray absorptiometry.
Serum calcium, magnesium, copper and zinc and risk of cardiovascular death.
High serum copper and low serum zinc are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality whereas no association was found with serum calcium and magnesium and mortality risk.
Relation of calcium, vitamin D, and dairy food intake to ischemic heart disease mortality among postmenopausal women.
It is suggested that a higher intake of calcium, but not of vitamin D or milk products, is associated with reduced ischemic heart disease mortality in postmenopausal women, and reduced risk may be achievable whether the higher intake is attained by diet, supplements, or both.
Relation between mortality from cardiovascular disease and treated water supplies: variations in states and 163 largest municipalities of the United States.
  • H. Schroeder
  • Medicine
    Journal of the American Medical Association
  • 1960
In the United States variations from state to state in death rates from cardiovascular diseases have been unexplained on dietary, racial, or social bases. One variable environmental influence to
Magnesium in drinking water supplies and mortality from acute myocardial infarction in north west England.
No evidence was found of an association between magnesium concentrations in drinking water supplies and mortality from acute myocardial infarction and the hypothesis that magnesium is the key water factor in relation to mortality from heart disease was not supported.