Cardiovascular manifestations of substance abuse: part 2: alcohol, amphetamines, heroin, cannabis, and caffeine.

@article{Frishman2003CardiovascularMO,
  title={Cardiovascular manifestations of substance abuse: part 2: alcohol, amphetamines, heroin, cannabis, and caffeine.},
  author={William H. Frishman and Alexander Del Vecchio and Shirin Sanal and Anjum Ismail},
  journal={Heart disease},
  year={2003},
  volume={5 4},
  pages={253-71}
}
The abuse of alcohol is associated with chronic cardiomyopathy, hypertension, and arrhythmia. Abstinence or using alcohol in moderation can reverse these cardiovascular problems. Alcohol is also distinguished among the substances of abuse by having possible protective effects against coronary artery disease and stroke when used in moderate amounts… CONTINUE READING