Cardiovascular effects of nicotine gum and cigarettes assessed by ECG and echocardiography.

@article{Krivokapich1985CardiovascularEO,
  title={Cardiovascular effects of nicotine gum and cigarettes assessed by ECG and echocardiography.},
  author={J Krivokapich and Nina G. Schneider and John S. Child and Murray E. Jarvik},
  journal={NIDA research monograph},
  year={1985},
  volume={53},
  pages={42-55}
}
Cigarette smoking is one of the most firmly established risk factors for coronary heart disease (Kannel 1981). This risk can be dramatically reduced by discontinuation of cigarette smoking (Doll and Peto 1976; Hammond and Garfinkle 1969; Kannel 1981). Unfortunately, smoking cessation programs have low long-term success rates (Evans and Lane 1980; Raw 1978… CONTINUE READING