Cardiovascular effects of human-pet dog interactions

@article{Vormbrock2004CardiovascularEO,
  title={Cardiovascular effects of human-pet dog interactions},
  author={Julia K. Vormbrock and John M. Grossberg},
  journal={Journal of Behavioral Medicine},
  year={2004},
  volume={11},
  pages={509-517}
}
Recent research on human-dog interactions showed that talking to and petting a dog are accompanied by lower blood pressure (BP) in the person than human conversation. To clarify whether cognition, conditioning, or tactual contact exerted the major influence in this so-called “pet effect,” 60 male and female undergraduates with either positive or neutral attitudes toward dogs interacted with a dog tactually, verbally, and visually while BP and heart rate were recorded automatically. Results… 

Physiological responses by college students to a dog and a cat: Implications for pet therapy

Companion animals are an important part of our social world. We often talk to them as if they were humans and some even refer to pets as their children. They are a source of comfort, love, and their

The facilitation of social interactions by domestic dogs

It is concluded that dogs can facilitate social interactions between adults better than other accompaniments; however, the social catalysis effect is not generic, but dog specific.

The presence of a dog attenuates cortisol and heart rate in the Trier Social Stress Test compared to human friends

It is suggested that short-term exposure to a novel dog in an unfamiliar setting can be beneficial, and a possible mechanism for the beneficial effect associated with affiliation with pets is suggested.

Interactions with Horses is Associated with Higher Mindfulness and Heart Rate Variability and Lower Electrodermal Response in College Students

A wealth of research has revealed psychological and physiological benefits of interactions with animals. As yet, research is limited to smaller animals such as dogs and cats and has not examined the

Dogs and blood pressure in non-dog owners

The results of the study found that there was a significant difference in blood pressure rate changes as a function of the slightly familiar dog’s presence, suggesting that non-dog owning subjects can experience lowered blood pressures if they are exposed for a short amount of time to a dog prior to testing.

The Effects of Tactile and Indirect Contact with Dogs in a College Population

The goals of the current study were to contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms that may lead to positive effects of human-canine interactions and to provide support for the theory that it is the canine interaction, and not merely environmental similarities, that causes physiological change in humans.

Handling a Dog by Children with Attention-Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder: Calming or Exciting?

Generally, research with adults has indicated a reduction in autonomic activation when a dog is present, and studies which assess participants' reactions following brief exposure to an animal may be comparable to the limited exposure times which often typify pet therapy programs.

Exploratory Study of Stress-Buffering Response Patterns from Interaction with a Therapy Dog

ABSTRACT This exploratory study builds on existing research on the physiological stress response to human–animal interactions in a non-clinical sample of adult dog-owners interacting with their own
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 REFERENCES

Social Interaction and Blood Pressure: Influence of Animal Companions

Insight is provided into the use of pets as adjuncts in psychotherapy by speculating that the animal causes the children to modify their perceptions of the experimental situation and the experimenter by making both less threatening and more friendly.

Heart rate changes in the horse to human contact.

The horse appears to offer an ideal model for understanding the psychosocial, hemodynamic, and central nervous system mechanisms involved in these reactions to changes in the heart rate and rhythm of patients in coronary care units and a shock-trauma unit during social contact with other humans.

The effect of status on blood pressure during verbal communication

While the blood pressure increase was related partly to the act of speaking, the amount of increase was also related to the social distance between experimenter and subject and the results are discussed relative to behavioral interventions for the treatment of hypertension.

THE EFFECTS OF HUMAN CONTACT ON CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA IN CORONARY CARE PATIENTS

Results indicate the need for quantification of the phyciological effects of many kinds of clinical interactions and the necessity for specification of ongoing human interactions accompanying epidemiological studies of the frequency of arrhythmia in coronary patients of the effects of antiarrhythmic drugs on that frequency.

The Effects of Talking on the Blood Pressure of Hypertensive and Normotensive Individuals

In some hypertensive individuals increases blood pressure greater than 25‐40% occurred within 30 sec after the initiation of human speech.

Human Speech and Blood Pressure

Findings from this study indicate that interpersonal communications surrounding the measurement of blood pressure can rapidly alter systolic and diastolic pressures.

The Effects of Normal and Rapid Speech on Blood Pressure

These findings are discussed in light of earlier research on the blood pressure communication response and are evaluated in the context of the speech pattern characteristics of the Type A (coronary‐prone) individual.

The Construction of a Pet Attitude Scale

An 18-item Likert-format Pet Attitude Scale was developed. It was found to have a Chronbach’s Alpha of.93 and test-retest reliability of .92. Correlations with the Mini-Mult, Eysenck Personality