Cardiovascular effects of atropine in postoperative cardiac patients receiving digoxin for ventricular dysfunction.


Digoxin is clinically useful as a cardiac antiarrhythmic and inotropic agent. Its antiarrhythmic actions are mediated through the cholinergic nervous system. The cholinergic system, when activated, can depress ventricular function. We have sought to further increase the cardiovascular effects of digoxin by blocking its cholinergic effects with atropine… (More)