Cardiovascular dysfunction in patients with end-stage liver disease.

Abstract

Most patients with advanced liver disease have a normal or even supernormal ejection fraction judged by echocardiography. Thus, physicians previously assumed that cardiac function was normal in most patients with liver disease. However, further investigation has uncovered multiple problems in cardiac performance that place patients at risk of heart failure… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/S1726-4901(08)70134-5

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