Cardiovascular disease risk in women with premature ovarian insufficiency: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Abstract

AIMS The purpose of this review was to assess the relationship between premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), defined as natural menopause <40 years, and risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD), stroke and overall cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a systematic search in PubMed (1966-2012), EMBASE (1980-2012). Studies were included if they were prospective, follow-up>3 years, assessment of age menopause <40 years, and incident cases of fatal or nonfatal IHD, stroke, or overall CVD. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were pooled using a random-effect model. Overall, 10 observational studies were identified, comprising 190,588 women (follow-up 4-37 years) with 9440 events (2026 events for IHD (seven studies) and 6438 events for stroke (seven studies) and 976 for total CVD (two studies). POI was assessed by questionnaire and incident cases through certification and event registers. POI was related to an increased risk of developing or dying from IHD (hazard ratio (HR) 1.69, 95% CI 1.29-2.21, p = 0.0001) and total CVD (HR 1.61, 95% CI 1.22-2.12, p = 0.0007). No relation was found for stroke (HR 1.03, 0.88-1.19, p = 0.74). We found no evidence for heterogeneity. CONCLUSION POI is an independent though modest risk factor of IHD and overall CVD but not of stroke. Because of the limited impact of POI on CVD risk compared to classical cardiovascular risk factors, it is unlikely that POI will be implemented as modifier of cardiovascular risk classification.

DOI: 10.1177/2047487314556004

Cite this paper

@article{Lennep2016CardiovascularDR, title={Cardiovascular disease risk in women with premature ovarian insufficiency: A systematic review and meta-analysis.}, author={Jeanine E. Roeters van Lennep and Karst Y. Heida and Michiel L. Bots and Annemieke Hoek}, journal={European journal of preventive cardiology}, year={2016}, volume={23 2}, pages={178-86} }