Cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease: untying the Gordian knot.

  title={Cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease: untying the Gordian knot.},
  author={Reza Hajhosseiny and Kaivan Khavandi and David J. A. Goldsmith},
  journal={International journal of clinical practice},
  volume={67 1},
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects around 10-13% of the general population, with only a small proportion in end stage renal disease (ESRD), either on dialysis or awaiting renal transplantation. It is well documented that CKD patients have an extremely high risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with the general population, so much so that in the early stages of CKD patients are more likely to develop CVD than they are to progress to ESRD. Various pathophysiological pathways… CONTINUE READING
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