Cardiovascular disease in children with CKD or ESRD


Cardiovascular disease accounts for 40% of all deaths among pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). ESRD has a particularly large influence on the cardiovascular system in children, as indicated by the more than 700-fold increased risk of cardiac death in affected individuals compared with healthy children of the same age. The prevalence of… (More)
DOI: 10.1038/nrneph.2009.10


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