Cardioscopically Guided Beating Heart Surgery: Paravalvular Leak Repair.

Abstract

PURPOSE There remains a paucity of direct visualization techniques for beating-heart intracardiac procedures. To address this need, we evaluated a novel cardioscope in the context of aortic paravalvular leaks (PVLs) localization and closure. DESCRIPTION A porcine aortic PVL model was created using a custom-made bioprosthetic valve, and PVL presence was verified by epicardial echocardiography. Transapical delivery of occlusion devices guided solely by cardioscopy was attempted 13 times in a total of three pigs. Device retrieval after release was attempted six times. Echocardiography, morphologic evaluation, and delivery time were used to assess results. EVALUATION Cardioscopic imaging enabled localization of PVLs via visualization of regurgitant jet flow in a paravalvular channel at the base of the prosthetic aortic valve. Occluders were successfully placed in 11 of 13 attempts (84.6%), taking on average 3:03 ± 1:34 min. Devices were cardioscopically removed successfully in three of six attempts (50%), taking 3:41 ± 1:46 min. No damage to the ventricle or annulus was observed at necropsy. CONCLUSIONS Cardioscopy can facilitate intracardiac interventions by providing direct visualization of anatomic structures inside the blood-filled, beating-heart model.

DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2017.03.028

Cite this paper

@article{Rosa2017CardioscopicallyGB, title={Cardioscopically Guided Beating Heart Surgery: Paravalvular Leak Repair.}, author={Benoit Rosa and Zurab Machaidze and Margherita Mencattelli and Sunil V Manjila and Borami Shin and Karl Price and Michael Andrew Borger and Vinod H . Thourani and Pedro J. del Nido and David W.G. Brown and Christopher W. Baird and John E. Mayer and Pierre E. Dupont}, journal={The Annals of thoracic surgery}, year={2017}, volume={104 3}, pages={1074-1079} }