Cardiorespiratory adaptations induced by aerobic training in middle-aged men: the importance of a decrease in sympathetic stimulation for the contribution of dynamic exercise tachycardia.

Abstract

We investigated the effects of aerobic training on the efferent autonomic control of heart rate (HR) during dynamic exercise in middle-aged men, eight of whom underwent exercise training (T) while the other seven continued their sedentary (S) life style. The training was conducted over 10 months (three 1-h/sessions/week on a field track at 70-85% of the peak HR). The contribution of sympathetic and para-sympathetic exercise tachycardia was determined in terms of differences in the time constant effects on the HR response obtained using a discontinuous protocol (4-min tests at 25, 50, 100 and 125 watts on a cycle ergometer), and a continuous protocol (25 watts/min until exhaustion) allowed the quantification of the parameters (anaerobic threshold, VO2 AT; peak O2 uptake, VO2 peak; power peak) that reflect oxygen transport. The results obtained for the S and the T groups were: 1) a smaller resting HR in T (66 beats/min) when compared to S (84 beats/min); 2) during exercise, a small increase in the fast tachycardia (delta 0-10 s) related to vagal withdrawal (P < 0.05, only at 25 watts) was observed in T at all powers; at middle and higher powers a significant decrease (P < 0.05 at 50, 100 and 125 watts) in the slow tachycardia (delta 1-4 min) related to a sympathetic-dependent mechanism was observed in T; 3) the VO2 AT (S = 1.06 and T = 1.33 l/min) and VO2 peak (S = 1.97 and T = 2.47 l/min) were higher in T (P < 0.05). These results demonstrate that aerobic training can induce significant physiological adaptations in middle-aged men, mainly expressed as a decrease in the sympathetic effects on heart rate associated with an increase in oxygen transport during dynamic exercise.

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Cite this paper

@article{ChaconMikahil1998CardiorespiratoryAI, title={Cardiorespiratory adaptations induced by aerobic training in middle-aged men: the importance of a decrease in sympathetic stimulation for the contribution of dynamic exercise tachycardia.}, author={Mara Patr{\'i}cia Tra{\'i}na Chacon-Mikahil and V A M Forti and A. M. Catai and J S Szrajer and Roseli Golfetti and L E B Martins and Euclydes C. Lima-Filho and Jamiro da Silva Wanderley and Jos{\'e} Antonio Marin Neto and B. C. Maciel and Lourenço Gallo-J{\'u}nior}, journal={Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas}, year={1998}, volume={31 5}, pages={705-12} }