Cardio navigation: planning, simulation, and augmented reality in robotic assisted endoscopic bypass grafting.

BACKGROUND The aim of this study is to optimize the set-up and port placement in robotic surgery and enhance intraoperative orientation by video overlay of the angiographic coronary tree. METHODS In three mongrel dogs and two sheep an electrocardiogram-triggered computed tomographic scan and coronary angiography were performed after placing cutaneous… CONTINUE READING