Cardiac vagal tone predicts inhibited attention to fearful faces.

  title={Cardiac vagal tone predicts inhibited attention to fearful faces.},
  author={Gewnhi Park and Jay Joseph Van Bavel and Michael W Vasey and Julian F. Thayer},
  volume={12 6},
The neurovisceral integration model (Thayer, J. F., & Lane, R. D., 2000, A model of neurovisceral integration in emotion regulation and dysregulation. Journal of Affective Disorders, 61, 201-216. doi:10.1016/S0165-0327(00)00338-4) proposes that individual differences in heart rate variability (HRV)-an index of cardiac vagal tone-are associated with attentional and emotional self-regulation. In this article, we demonstrate that individual differences in resting HRV predict the functioning of the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Cardiac vagal tone predicts attentional engagement to and disengagement from fearful faces.

This research suggests that cardiac vagal tone is associated with more adaptive top-down and bottom-up modulation of emotional attention, and implications for various affective disorders, including depression, anxiety disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder are discussed.

From the heart to the mind: cardiac vagal tone modulates top-down and bottom-up visual perception and attention to emotional stimuli

The neurovisceral integration model is recapitulate and recent findings that shed light on the relationship between HRV and top-down and bottom-up visual perception and attention to emotional stimuli are reviewed, which may play an important role in emotion regulation.

The Modulation of Cardiac Vagal Tone on Attentional Orienting of Fair-Related Faces: Low HRV is Associated with Faster Attentional Engagement to Fair-Relevant Stimuli

Results provide further evidence that the difficulty in attentional control associated with reduced cardiac vagal tone may extend to a broader social and moral context and initial evidence that fair-related social information influences spatial attention.

When tonic cardiac vagal tone predicts changes in phasic vagal tone: the role of fear and perceptual load.

Current research suggests that tonic cardiac vagal tone is associated with the ability to flexibly adapt autonomic responses, suggesting greater self-regulatory effort under low load and an absence of phasic HRV suppression under high load.

Cardiac vagal tone is correlated with selective attention to neutral distractors under load.

The current research suggests cardiac vagal tone is associated with successful control of selective attention critical for goal-directed behavior, and its impact is greater when fewer cognitive resources are available.

Individual differences in cardiac vagal tone are associated with differential neural responses to facial expressions at different spatial frequencies: An ERP and sLORETA study

The hyperactive neural activity associated with low cardiac vagal tone may account for hypervigilant response patterns and emotional dysregulation, which heightens the risk of developing physical and emotional problems.



Neurovisceral integration, emotions and health: An update

A model of neurovisceral integration in emotion regulation and dysregulation.

Vagal tone: An autonomic mediator of affect

The autonomic nervous system and theories of emotion Overview Descriptions of emotion frequently include both a physiological and a facial expressive component. The physiological component has been

Attentional bias in emotional disorders.

Recent research has suggested that anxiety may be associated with processing biases that favor the encoding of emotionally threatening information. However, the available data can be accommodated by

Heart Rate Variability, Prefrontal Neural Function, and Cognitive Performance: The Neurovisceral Integration Perspective on Self-regulation, Adaptation, and Health

An important relationship among cognitive performance, HRV, and prefrontal neural function that has important implications for both physical and mental health is suggested.

Phasic heart period reactions to cued threat and nonthreat stimuli in generalized anxiety disorder.

The cardiac-autonomic underpinnings of GAD appear to rigidly maintain precognitive defensive responses against threat, which is discussed in the context of an integrative model that depicts diminished global adaptive variability in GAD.

Effects of Low-Spatial Frequency Components of Fearful Faces on Fusiform Cortex Activity