Cardiac vagal tests and vagus nerve stimulation in epilepsy

  title={Cardiac vagal tests and vagus nerve stimulation in epilepsy},
  author={E Stamboulis and Nikos Catsaros and Stylianos Gatzonis and Alexandros Siafakas and Nikolaos Georgacoulias and Damianos Sakas},
  journal={Clinical Autonomic Research},
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is currently widely used for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. The device is implanted to stimulate the left vagal nerve, since stimulation on this side is less likely to cause cardiac effects. Severe adverse reactions associated with VNS appear to be rare [11]. Aspiration [2], worsened sleep apnea syndrome [7], psychotic… CONTINUE READING