Cardiac resynchronization therapy device implantation guided by electroanatomic mapping system when contrast medium infusion is contraindicated


Introduction The implantation of transvenous leads for pacemakers and defibrillators is traditionally performed using fluoroscopic guidance. When cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is indicated, iodine contrast medium (ICM) infusion for coronary sinus (CS) branch visualization is also needed. Adverse reactions to ICM during cardiac catheterization and… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.hrcr.2016.01.011


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