Cardiac output quantification by Doppler echocardiography in intensive care--limitations and validation.


UNLABELLED Cardiac output (CO) quantification is primordial to the evaluation of patients with heart failure who are on tailored therapy and under invasive hemodynamic monitoring. Doppler echocardiography can be used to access CO noninvasively, but the concordance between its results and those obtained by invasive methods in paired measurements is still… (More)