Cardiac output-based versus empirically programmed AV interval--how different are they?


AIMS To compare empirically programmed and cardiac output-based programming of atrioventricular (AV) interval in patients with dual chamber pacemakers. METHODS AND RESULTS In 19 patients with implanted dual chamber pacemakers due to AV block but otherwise normal hearts, cardiac output was assessed using an impedance cardiography device. In all patients… (More)


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