Cardiac output and cardiac index measured with cardiovascular magnetic resonance in healthy subjects, elite athletes and patients with congestive heart failure

@inproceedings{Carlsson2012CardiacOA,
  title={Cardiac output and cardiac index measured with cardiovascular magnetic resonance in healthy subjects, elite athletes and patients with congestive heart failure},
  author={Marcus Carlsson and Ruslana Andersson and Karin Markenroth Bloch and Katarina Steding-Ehrenborg and Henrik Mos{\'e}n and Freddy St{\aa}hlberg and Bjorn Ekmehag and H{\aa}kan Arheden},
  booktitle={Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance},
  year={2012}
}
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) enables non-invasive quantification of cardiac output (CO) and thereby cardiac index (CI, CO indexed to body surface area). The aim of this study was to establish if CI decreases with age and compare the values to CI for athletes and for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS CI was measured in 144 healthy volunteers (39 ± 16 years, range 21-81 years, 68 females), in 60 athletes (29 ± 6 years, 30 females) and in 157 CHF… CONTINUE READING
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