Cardiac involvement in systemic autoimmune diseases.

  title={Cardiac involvement in systemic autoimmune diseases.},
  author={Piersandro Riboldi and Maria Gerosa and Cristina Luzzana and Luca Catelli},
  journal={Clinical reviews in allergy & immunology},
  volume={23 3},
The heart and the vascular system are frequent and characteristic targets of several systemic autoimmune diseases, in particular Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Systemic Sclerosis (SSc). In this chapter we review the classic cardiac abnormalities and the more recent data about cardiovascular involvement as part of a major disease complication determining a substantial morbidity and mortality. In addition to the classic cardiac abnormalities involving the heart… CONTINUE READING