Cardiac imaging in patients with chronic liver disease.


Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM) is characterized by an impaired contractile response to stress, diastolic dysfunction and the presence of electrophysiological abnormalities, and it may be diagnosed at rest in some patients or demasked by physiological or pharmacological stress. CCM seems to be involved in the development of hepatic nephropathy and is associated with an impaired survival. In the field of cardiac imaging, CCM is not yet a well-characterized entity, hence various modalities of cardiac imaging have been applied. Stress testing with either physiologically or pharmacologically induced circulatory stress has been used to assess systolic dysfunction. Whereas echocardiography with tissue Doppler is by far the most preferred method to detect diastolic dysfunction with measurement of E/A- and E/E'-ratio. In addition, echocardiography may also possess the potential to evaluate systolic dysfunction at rest by application of new myocardial strain techniques. Experience with other modalities such as cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and cardiac computed tomography is limited. Future studies exploring these imaging modalities are necessary to characterize and monitor the cardiac changes in cirrhotic patients.

DOI: 10.1111/cpf.12311

Cite this paper

@article{Wiese2017CardiacII, title={Cardiac imaging in patients with chronic liver disease.}, author={Signe Skovgaard Wiese and Jens Dahlgaard Hove and S\oren M\oller}, journal={Clinical physiology and functional imaging}, year={2017}, volume={37 4}, pages={347-356} }