Carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of chromium.

  title={Carcinogenicity and mutagenicity of chromium.},
  author={Allison Leonard and Robert R. Lauwerys},
  journal={Mutation research},
  volume={76 3},
Occupational exposure represents the main source of human contamination by chromium. For non-occupationally exposed people the major environmental exposure to chromium occurs as a consequence of its presence in food. Chromium must be considered as an essential element. Its deficiency impairs glucose metabolism. Trivalent chromium salts are poorly absorbed through the gastro-intestinal and respiratory tracts because they do not cross membranes easily. Hexavalent chromium can be absorbed by the… CONTINUE READING
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