Carbon monoxide poisoning: how many patients do we miss?

  title={Carbon monoxide poisoning: how many patients do we miss?},
  author={Ayfer Keleş and Ahmet Demircan and Gulhan Celik Kurtoglu},
  journal={European Journal of Emergency Medicine},
Introduction Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless and nonirritating gas. CO poisoning is a preventable cause of morbidity and mortality. After the late diagnosis of some CO-poisoned patients, we undertook a chart review to identify characteristics of patients with CO poisoning to help with management of future patients. Methods We retrospectively evaluated the charts of 323 adult emergency department patients diagnosed with CO poisoning between January 2002 and December 2003… 

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: From the Perspective of Ten Years and 2417 Cases

Emergency physicians should be familiar with symptoms and remedies of CO intoxication, which still constitutes a serious health problem, and the demographic features and seasonal variations of this particular public health problem.

Carbon monoxide poisoning in patients presenting to the emergency department with a headache in winter months

CO poisoning was detected more frequently in patients visiting the ED after midnight and during morning hours, and SpCO is an effective screening tool to detect CO poisoning in these patients.

Interest of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Childhood Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: A Retrospective Study

The treatment of Carbon monoxide poisoning is a race against time, and patients requiring Hyperbaric Oxygen therapy must be carefully selected within the first few hours, and kept under close observation.

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in the United Arab Emirates

Burning charcoal in poorly ventilated residences was the predominant source of the carbon monoxide poisoning and carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb) was significantly increased in cases with loss of consciousness and depressed consciousness.

S2k guideline diagnosis and treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning

If CO poisoning is suspected, 100% oxygen breathing should be immediately initiated in the prehospital setting and hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) should be initiated within 6 h.

Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: from the Perspective of Ten Years and 2417 Cases On Yil ve 2417 Olgunun Perspektifinden Karbonmonoksit Zehirlenmesi

Emergency physicians should be familiar with symptoms and remedies of CO intoxication, which still constitutes a serious health problem, especially in Winter months.

Can initial lactate levels predict the severity of unintentional carbon monoxide poisoning?

In evaluating patients with CO poisoning, an initial lactate level could be taken into consideration as an adjunctive parameter of severity, together with the clinical criteria and levels of COHb.

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning.

High-quality, prospective, randomized trials that would enable a definitive judgment of the efficacy of HBOT are currently lacking, and there is no general recommendation for HBOT.

Incidence and risk factors for carbon monoxide poisoning in an emergency department in Nepal

A significant baseline incidence of COHb > 10% (31%) in patients presenting to a hospital in Nepal was found, and risk factors for higher baseline COHB concentrations included warm months and cooking with firewood.



Carbon monoxide poisoning in the Republic of Ireland.

The epidemiology of CO poisoning in Ireland is described, using Hospital Inpatient Enquiry data, Mortality data and data from the National Poisons Information Centre (NPIC) to illustrate the hidden impact ofCO poisoning.

Carbon monoxide and the nervous system

Myocardial injury and long-term mortality following moderate to severe carbon monoxide poisoning.

Myocardial injury occurs frequently in patients hospitalized for moderate to severe CO poisoning and is a significant predictor of mortality.

Cardiogenic shock complicating acute carbon monoxide poisoning despite neurologic and metabolic recovery.

The cases of 2 previously healthy young patients with acute carbon monoxide intoxication who deteriorated to cardiogenic shock in the face of apparent metabolic and neurologic recovery and the probable diagnosis of myocardial stunning are reported.

Chronic and occult carbon monoxide poisoning: we don’t know what we’re missing

  • J. Wright
  • Medicine
    Emergency medicine journal : EMJ
  • 2002
The evidence that carbon monoxide is a public health menace even in much lower concentrations is reviewed.