Carbohydrate fluxes into alginate biosynthesis in Azotobacter vinelandii NCIB 8789: NMR investigations of the triose pools.

Abstract

The metabolite flux of carbohydrates through primary catabolism and into hexose resynthesis has been investigated for alginic acid biosynthesis in Azotobacter vinelandii. To do these studies, we fed the microorganism a variety of 13C-labeled glucose precursors, including [U-13C6]glucose. The incorporations of the precursors were determined by 1D 13C-NMR, 2D 13C-DQF-COSY, and inverse triple-quantum correlation experiments. The results clearly show that the entire catabolism of hexose is through the Entner-Doudoroff (E-D) pathway and that the triose pools are in equilibrium. Reentry into gluconeogenesis prior to alginate synthesis occurs totally from the glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate generated by the E-D pathway. The obligatory intermediacy of triose intermediates in alginate biosynthesis was proved. The experiments and results presented in this paper constitute a new method for distinguishing the E-D pathway from glycolysis in bacteria.

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@article{Beale1996CarbohydrateFI, title={Carbohydrate fluxes into alginate biosynthesis in Azotobacter vinelandii NCIB 8789: NMR investigations of the triose pools.}, author={John M. Beale and Jamie L Foster}, journal={Biochemistry}, year={1996}, volume={35 14}, pages={4492-501} }