Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae, a Key Pathogen Set for Global Nosocomial Dominance.

  title={Carbapenemase-Producing Klebsiella pneumoniae, a Key Pathogen Set for Global Nosocomial Dominance.},
  author={Johann D D Pitout and Patrice L. Nordmann and Laurent Poirel},
  journal={Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy},
  volume={59 10},
The management of infections due to Klebsiella pneumoniae has been complicated by the emergence of antimicrobial resistance, especially to carbapenems. Resistance to carbapenems in K. pneumoniae involves multiple mechanisms, including the production of carbapenemases (e.g., KPC, NDM, VIM, OXA-48-like), as well as alterations in outer membrane permeability mediated by the loss of porins and the upregulation of efflux systems. The latter two mechanisms are often combined with high levels of other… CONTINUE READING
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