A capillary electrophoresis method for the characterization of ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (NTPDases) and the analysis of inhibitors by in-capillary enzymatic microreaction
An analytical method for studying enzyme inhibition has been developed using capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection. This technique is based on electrophoretic mixing of zones of enzyme and inhibitor in substrate-filled capillaries. Enzyme catalytic activity is measured by detecting the fluorescent reaction product as it migrates past the detector. Reversible enzyme inhibition is indicated by a transient decrease in product formation. The enzyme, alkaline phosphatase, has been studied using the fluorogenic substrate AttoPhos ([2,2'-bibenzothiazol]-6-hydroxy-benzthiazole phosphate). This assay has been used to quantify theophylline, a noncompetitive, reversible inhibitor of alkaline phosphatase. The detection limit for theophylline is estimated at 3 microM, and 8.6 amole of alkaline phosphatase are required for each assay. The calculated K(i) for theophylline is 90 microM for the capillary electrophoretic enzyme-inhibitor assays.