Cannabis in Eurasia: origin of human use and Bronze Age trans-continental connections

  title={Cannabis in Eurasia: origin of human use and Bronze Age trans-continental connections},
  author={Tengwen Long and Mayke Wagner and Dieter Demske and Christian Leipe and Pavel E. Tarasov},
  journal={Vegetation History and Archaeobotany},
A systematic review of archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records of cannabis (fibres, pollen, achenes and imprints of achenes) reveals its complex history in Eurasia. A multiregional origin of human use of the plant is proposed, considering the more or less contemporaneous appearance of cannabis records in two distal parts (Europe and East Asia) of the continent. A marked increase in cannabis achene records from East Asia between ca. 5,000 and 4,000 cal bp might be associated with the… 

Origin, early dispersal, domestication and anthropogenic diffusion of Cannabis, with emphasis on Europe and the Iberian Peninsula

The palynological and archaeological evidence used to date is insufficient for a sound assessment of the taxonomy, evolutionary origin and domestication of Cannabis, and the development of thorough Iberian databases to address further meta-analysis is essential for more robust conclusions.

When and How Did Cannabis Reach Europe and the Iberian Peninsula?

The palynological and archaeological evidence used to date is insufficient for a sound assessment and the development of thorough Iberian databases to address further meta-analysis are essential for more robust conclusions.

Tracing population movements in ancient East Asia through the linguistics and archaeology of textile production

Abstract Abstract Archaeolinguistics, a field which combines language reconstruction and archaeology as a source of information on human prehistory, has much to offer to deepen our understanding of

Crops along the trade routes? Archaeobotany of the Bronze Age in the region of South Bohemia (Czech Republic) in context with longer distance trade and exchange networks

The number of species of crop plants in Central Europe increased constantly during the Bronze Age. The structure of the composition of cultivated plants was probably connected to the cultural

Cannabis is indigenous to Europe and cultivation began during the Copper or Bronze age: a probabilistic synthesis of fossil pollen studies

Examining fossil pollen studies showed C/H pollen consistent with wild-type C. sativa in steppe and dry tundra landscapes throughout Europe during the early Holocene, Late Glacial, and previous glaciations.

The origins of cannabis smoking: Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs

Phytochemical analysis indicates that cannabis plants were burned in wooden braziers during mortuary ceremonies at the Jirzankal Cemetery (ca. 500 BCE) in the eastern Pamirs region, suggesting cannabis was smoked as part of ritual and/or religious activities in western China by at least 2500 years ago and that the cannabis plants produced high levels of psychoactive compounds.

Prehistoric trans-continental cultural exchange in the Hexi Corridor, northwest China

We report dozens of direct radiocarbon dates on charred grains from 22 archaeological sites of the Neolithic and Bronze Ages in the Hexi Corridor, northwest China, a key region for trans-Eurasian

Cannabis in Asia: its center of origin and early cultivation, based on a synthesis of subfossil pollen and archaeobotanical studies

Biogeographers assign the Cannabis centre of origin to “Central Asia”, mostly based on wild-type plant distribution data. We sought greater precision by adding new data: 155 fossil pollen studies

Phylogenetic resolution of the Cannabis genus reveals extensive admixture

An initial impression of the complexity within the Cannabis genus is provided and the understanding of the genetics underlying evolutionary history and population stratification is added, which will be critical for future crop improvement for any potential human use.

Bronze Age Globalisation and Eurasian Impacts on Later Jōmon Social Change

From northern China, millet agriculture spread to Korea and the Maritime Russian Far East by 3500–2700 BC. While the expansion of agricultural societies across the Sea of Japan did not occur until



An archaeological and historical account of cannabis in China

There still remains much to be done to clarify the systematics of Cannabis, which has been associated with man for so long, and botanical studies alone are inadequate to ascertain the origin of cultivation.

Tracing the Origin of the East-West Population Admixture in the Altai Region (Central Asia)

Support is presented to the hypothesis that the gene pool of Iron Age inhabitants of Mongolian Altai was similar to that of western Iron Age Altaians (Russia and Kazakhstan), which would provide support for a demographic expansion of local people of Altai instead of westward or eastward migratory events, as the demographic event behind the high population genetic admixture and diversity in Central Asia.

Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia

It is shown that the Bronze Age was a highly dynamic period involving large-scale population migrations and replacements, responsible for shaping major parts of present-day demographic structure in both Europe and Asia.

Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia

These investigations provide the oldest documentation of cannabis as a pharmacologically active agent, and contribute to the medical and archaeological record of this pre-Silk Road culture.

The long history of Cannabis and its cultivation by the Romans in central Italy, shown by pollen records from Lago Albano and Lago di Nemi

Abstract. The cores from the Albano and Nemi lakes, near Rome, were studied within the European Union funded PALICLAS project and provided high resolution records of the Late-glacial and Holocene.

The origin and use of cannabis in eastern asia linguistic-cultural implications

  • Hui-lin Li
  • Environmental Science
    Economic Botany
  • 2008
Cannabis sativa is one of man's oldest cultivated plants. Botanically it is distinct from all other plants and readily recognized. Yet among individual plants it is extremely variable. It now grows

New evidence of possible crop introduction to north-eastern Europe during the Stone Age

Long term (from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age) habitation of the Akali settlement on a clearly defined bog-island in East Estonia is used as an example of transitional development from a

Evidence that a West-East admixed population lived in the Tarim Basin as early as the early Bronze Age

It is demonstrated that the Xiaohe people were an admixture from populations originating from both the West and the East, implying that the Tarim Basin had been occupied by an admixed population since the early Bronze Age, which is the earliest genetic evidence of an admixtures population settled in theTarim Basin.

Cannabis: Evolution and Ethnobotany

This book discusses the long and diverse history of relationships between Cannabis and humans, and the impact of human impact on the dispersal and expanding geographical range of Cannabis.