Cannabis arteritis: a new case report and a review of literature

@article{Peyrot2007CannabisAA,
  title={Cannabis arteritis: a new case report and a review of literature},
  author={I Peyrot and A M Garsaud and I. Saint-Cyr and O Quitman and B Sanchez and D. Quist},
  journal={Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology},
  year={2007},
  volume={21}
}
Cannabis arteritis manifests in cannabis users, independently of tobacco consumption. Around 50 cases were reported in the literature since the first description of this entity in 1960. We report the case of a 36‐year‐old man, cannabis user, without vascular risk factor who developed digital necrosis on the right foot. The pedal pulses were not palpable. He had no abnormal laboratory findings. Arteriography revealed distal segmental lesions and occlusion of popliteal artery. This arteritis was… 
Cannabis arteritis: A case report and brief review of the literature
Cannabis Arteritis: Review of the Literature
TLDR
It is difficult to say whether this type of arteritis in young adults is similar to thromboangiitis obliterans, but physiopathological arguments in favor of cannabis vascular toxicity per se are discussed, although sufficient evidence was found to identify cannabis arteritis as a specific diagnostic entity.
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TLDR
Owing to the persistence of distal necrosis, amputation of the hallux was performed with good evolution and cannabis one of the most consumed drugs, its mandatory to ask about its use in all young patients with arteriopathy.
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TLDR
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Stenosis of the Iliac Arteries in a 26 Years Old Patient Producer of Cannabis but Non Consumer: Case Report and Review of Literature
TLDR
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Pot shots-Cannabis arteritis of the digits.
TLDR
A 46-year-old man with a history of heavy marijuana use for 30 years presented to the emergency room with progressively worsening distal extremity pain and numbness that had developed into necrosis at the tips of his fingers that was consistent with thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger’s Disease).
Cannabis-associated arterial disease.
Cannabis-associated arteritis.
TLDR
The hypothesis of cannabis being a causative factor or co-factor of TAO or an arteritis similar to TAO is not supported by the available evidence and the use of the term cannabis arteritis should be avoided until or unless more convincing scientific support is forthcoming.
Keep off the grass: Cannabis abuse and vasculitis in a teenager
TLDR
The case of a 19-year-old Caucasian male, cannabis user who presented with large vessel vasculitis and bilateral lower limb ischaemia is presented.
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES
Cannabis Arteritis Revisited
TLDR
Ten male patients, with a median age of 23.7 years, developed subacute distal ischemia of lower or upper limbs, leading to necrosis in the toes and/or fingers and sometimes to distal limb gangrene, and 10 new cases of cannabis arteritis were reported.
[Cannabis arteritis: four new cases].
TLDR
Search for cannabis use is important because interruption may improve prognosis and search for cannabis interruption and symptomatic treatment, lesions improved for three patients and an amputation was necessary for the fourth one.
[A rare case of cannabis arteritis].
TLDR
The observation demonstrates that cannabis may represent a possible cofactor in the pathogenesis of arteritis in young smokers and early recognition is important to avoid irreversible complications such as loss of digits.
[Cannabis and tobacco: cofactors favoring juvenile obliterative arteriopathy].
TLDR
A case of a 30-year-old woman who smoked cannabis and developed intermittent claudication of the lower limbs and female sex and proximal localization of the lesions (external iliac artery) are not usually described in "cannabis arteritis".
[Lower limb occlusive arteriopathy: retrospective analysis of 73 patients with onset before the age of 50 years].
TLDR
The main etiology of juvenile POAD is atheroma, followed by TAO, characterized by lower tobacco intake, more distal lesions, more frequent involvement of the upper limbs, which presents more frequently as TAO.
Les artériopathies des membres inférieurs débutant avant 50 ans
TLDR
L’étiologie principale des AOMI avant 50 ans est l’athérosclérose devant the TAO.
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