Cannabis Use and Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescence: A Comparative Analysis of Associations in England and Norway

@article{Rossow2009CannabisUA,
  title={Cannabis Use and Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescence: A Comparative Analysis of Associations in England and Norway},
  author={Ingeborg Rossow and Keith Hawton and Mette Ystgaard},
  journal={Archives of Suicide Research},
  year={2009},
  volume={13},
  pages={340 - 348}
}
The objective of this study was to test hypotheses on causality and selection regarding associations between cannabis use and deliberate self-harm (DSH) among adolescents. School surveys were conducted among 9,800 adolescents in England and Norway applying identical measures on deliberate self-harm, suicidal thoughts, cannabis use, and various potential confounders. Cannabis use was more prevalent in England than in Norway. It was associated with DHS, suicidal thoughts and various risk factors… 
Cannabis Involvement and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: A Discordant Twin Approach.
TLDR
Results suggest that NSSI is associated with cannabis involvement via differing mechanisms and, for lifetime cannabis use, the lack of association in discordant pairs suggests the role of shared genes and family environment.
Less adolescent alcohol and cannabis use: More deviant user groups?
TLDR
The assumption that psychosocial problems correlated more strongly with alcohol and cannabis use in a low-prevalence period (2012/2013) as compared to a high-pre Valuable time period (2002) was partly supported, but only with respect to drinking.
Early substance use initiation and suicide ideation and attempts among students in France and the United States
TLDR
The associations between substance use initiation and suicidal behaviors differed in the United States and France, and can assist the development and implementation of prevention strategies that seek to reduce the harmful consequences of early substance use among youth.
Cannabinoid use and self-injurious behaviours: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
Cannabinoid use was associated with an increased prevalence of self-injury and may act as a causative factor with a duration-dependent manner and emotional regulation and behavioural impulsivity functions might crucially moderate this association.
Cannabis use, depression and self-harm: phenotypic and genetic relationships.
TLDR
Cannabis use appeared to be both phenotypically and genetically associated with depression and self-harm, and polygenic risk scores for cannabis use and depression explain a small but significant proportion of variance in cannabis use, depression andSelf-harm within a UK Biobank target sample.
Suicidality among Norwegian youth: Review of research on risk factors and interventions
TLDR
Supporting non-intact parental units and the maintenance of intact parental units along with early detection and management of suicide attempts, depression and alcohol use should be targeted as suicide prevention interventions among adolescents.
Cannabis use and suicidal ideations in high-school students.
TLDR
Cannabis use was not a significant independent predictor of suicidal ideations after adjustment for confounding personality traits in the total sample and in the subsample of cannabis users.
The risk of adolescent suicide across patterns of drug use: a nationally representative study of high school students in the United States from 1999 to 2009
TLDR
Substance abuse is a strong risk factor for suicidal thoughts and behaviors among American high school students, with the strength of this relationship dramatically increasing with particular illicit drugs and a higher number of substances.
Cannabis use, depression and self-harm: phenotypic and genetic relationships
TLDR
Cannabis use is both phenotypically and genetically associated with depression and self harm, and future work dissecting the causal mechanism linking these traits may have implications for cannabis users.
Association between illegal use of substances and suicidal behavior in school students: An integrative review of empirical data.
TLDR
Mental health nurses need to document gender factors, frequency, and motivation of IUS when screening adolescents experiencing suicidal behavior and IUS as well as identify gender-specific mediating factors.
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
Cannabis use and psychosocial adjustment in adolescence and young adulthood.
TLDR
Cannabis use, and particularly regular or heavy use, was associated with increased rates of a range of adjustment problems in adolescence/ young adulthood-other illicit drug use, crime, depression and suicidal behaviours-with these adverse effects being most evident for school-aged regular users.
Cross-national comparisons of the association between alcohol consumption and deliberate self-harm in adolescents.
TLDR
The results support the assumption that intoxication is significantly related to the association between alcohol consumption and deliberate self-harm in adolescents.
Deliberate self-harm within an international community sample of young people: comparative findings from the Child & Adolescent Self-harm in Europe (CASE) Study.
TLDR
Deliberate self-harm is a widespread yet often hidden problem in adolescents, especially females, which shows both similarities and differences internationally.
Deliberate self harm in adolescents: self report survey in schools in England
TLDR
Deliberate self harm defined according to strict criteria is common in adolescents, especially females Associated factors include recent awareness of self harm in peers, self harm by family members, drug misuse, depression, anxiety, impulsivity, and low self esteem.
Predictors of adolescent suicide attempts: a nationally representative longitudinal study of Norwegian adolescents.
  • L. Wichstrøm
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 2000
TLDR
Logistic regression analysis showed that future attempts were predicted by previous attempt, female gender, young age, perceived early pubertal development (stronger among girls), suicidal ideation, alcohol intoxication, not living with both parents, and poor self-worth.
[Deliberate self harm in adolescents].
TLDR
For girls, alcohol misuse, parents being divorced, being sexually abused, anxiety and impulsivity were also significant; so was deliberate self harm in the family for boys.
Cannabis use and risk of psychotic or affective mental health outcomes: a systematic review
TLDR
There is now sufficient evidence to warn young people that using cannabis could increase their risk of developing a psychotic illness later in life, although evidence for affective outcomes is less strong.
Adolescent substance use and suicidal behavior: a review with implications for treatment research.
TLDR
Results suggest that substance use heightens statistical risk for suicidal behavior in adolescent clinical and community populations, and different theoretical models that might explain the high rates of co-occurring substance use and suicidal behavior among adolescents are proposed.
Adolescent suicide attempts: risks and protectors.
TLDR
In these national samples of black, Hispanic, and white youth, unique and cross-cutting factors derived from a resiliency framework predicted or protected against attempting suicide.
The relationship of drug use to suicide ideation and attempts among African American, Hispanic, and white non-Hispanic male adolescents.
TLDR
Self-report cross-sectional and longitudinal data on associations between drug use, suicide ideation, and attempts in a multiethnic sample of seventh- and eighth-grade male adolescents attending school in the greater Miami, Florida, area show Psychoactive drug-use was consistently related to attempts among Hispanics, white non-Hispanics, and African Americans.
...
1
2
3
...