Candomblé’s Cosmic Tree and Brazil’s Ficus Species

@inproceedings{Rashford2013CandomblsCT,
  title={Candombl{\'e}’s Cosmic Tree and Brazil’s Ficus Species},
  author={John H. Rashford},
  year={2013}
}
Candomble identifies largely orally transmitted religious traditions in Brazil tracing back to various parts of Africa. This research identifies the species of Ficus that serve as Candomble’s cosmic tree. Nineteen religious centers (terreiros) were surveyed and 17 had fig trees. Contrary to the general assumption of a single species, five native figs were identified, including Ficus elliotiana (S. Moore), F. clusiifolia (Schott), F. gomelleira (Kunth), F. cyclophylla (Miquel), and F. tomentella… 

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