• Corpus ID: 8990573

Cancer in populations living near nuclear facilities Report of a survey by researchers at the US National Cancer Institute

  title={Cancer in populations living near nuclear facilities Report of a survey by researchers at the US National Cancer Institute},
  • Boice
  • Published 1991
  • Medicine
20 .Ithough there have not been, in the United States, massive accidental releases of radioactivity from nuclear facilities such as the one at Chernobyl, questions continue to be raised about possible adverse health effects resulting from events such as the releases at Three Mile Island and Hanford, or even from routine operation of nuclear facilities. Higher incidence of leukaemia in children has been reported in the environs of the Sellafield fuel reprocessing facility in England,' near the… 

Leukaemia in young children living in the vicinity of nuclear power plants

An increased risk of childhood leukemia was found among children under 5 years living within 5 km of a nuclear power plant at the time of diagnosis, and a lower, but still statistically significant risk, among those living 5–10 km from a plant.

Risk of Childhood Leukaemia in the Vicinity of Nuclear Installations: Findings and Recent Controversies

The review of studies that examined the risk of leukaemia among young people near nuclear installations shows the importance of recalling the current epidemiological knowledge and of using systematic recording of cases to replace the alleged excesses in a more general framework.

Elevated Childhood Cancer Incidence Proximate to U.S. Nuclear Power Plants

It is determined that cancer incidence for children < 10 yr of age who live within 30 mi (48 km) of each of 14 nuclear plants in the eastern United States (49 counties with a population > 16.8 million) exceeds the national average and suggests that 1 in 9 cancers among children who reside near nuclear reactors is linked to radioactive emissions.

A Short Latency between Radiation Exposure from Nuclear Plants and Cancer in Young Children

  • J. Mangano
  • Medicine
    International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation
  • 2006
Cancer incidence in children under age ten living near New York and New Jersey nuclear plants increased 4–5 years after increases in average strontium-90 in baby teeth, and declined 4– 5 years after Sr-90 averages dropped.

sources and effects of ionizing radiation

This annex is aimed at providing a sound basis for conclusions regarding the number of significant radiation accidents that have occurred, the corresponding levels of radiation exposures and numbers of deaths and injuries, and the general trends for various practices, in the context of the Committee's overall evaluations of the levels and effects of exposure to ionizing radiation.

Radiation policy: a decision-making model.

  • B. Modan
  • Medicine
    Environmental health perspectives
  • 1997
Three case studies--nuclear plant workers, children irradiated for an essentially benign condition, and food safety--are used to illustrate polar policy decisions.

Late Lessons from Chernobyl , Early Warnings from Fukushima NUCLEAR MONITOR

At present, nuclear energy is used in 31 countries, producing roughly 13 % of the world’s commercial electricity, and currently 15 countries are in the process of planning the building of new nuclear

18 Late lessons from Chernobyl , early warnings from Fukushima

The nuclear accident at Fukushima in Japan occurred almost exactly 25 years after the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986. Analysis of each provides valuable late and early lessons that could prove

The Long Goodbye to the Nuclear Monument

  • P. Dorfman
  • Physics
    The Palgrave Handbook of Managing Fossil Fuels and Energy Transitions
  • 2019
With mounting recognition over the speed and pace of the low carbon energy transition needed to mitigate climate change, nuclear has been reframed as a response to the threat of global heating.

Setting standards for radiation protection : The process appraised

A review of the literature shows that there are examples of both data and theory that disagree with the linear non-threshold model, and a new approach to the process is desirable.



Cancer incidence patterns in the Denver metropolitan area in relation to the Rocky Flats plant.

This study considered whether geographic patterns of cancer suggest any relation with Rocky Flats, a facility located near Denver, Colorado that processes plutonium components for nuclear weapons, and found the explanatory variable found to be most closely associated with cancer incidence was an urban factor measured by distance from the Colorado State Capitol located in downtown Denver.

Results of case-control study of leukaemia and lymphoma among young people near Sellafield nuclear plant in West Cumbria.

The raised incidence of leukaemia, particularly, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among children near Sellafield was associated with paternal employment and recorded external dose of whole body penetrating radiation during work at the plant before conception, suggesting an effect of ionising radiation on fathers that may be leukaemogenic in their offspring.

Incidence of leukaemia in young people in the vicinity of Hinkley Point nuclear power station, 1959-86.

Analysis of predetermined five year periods showed that the excess cases in the Hinkley Point area were concentrated in the 10 years 1964-73 after commissioning of the station, at a time when rates in the rest of Somerset were close to the national average.

Childhood leukaemia in the West Berkshire and Basingstoke and North Hampshire District Health Authorities in relation to nuclear establishments in the vicinity.

There was an excess incidence of childhood leukaemia during 1972-85 in the vicinity of the nuclear establishments and the overall occurrence of the malignancy in the 143 electoral wards was consistent with a random distribution.

Lung cancer after employment in shipyards during World War II.

It is suggested that asbestos and possible other shipyard exposures during wartime employment account for part of the excess mortality from lung cancer in certain coastal areas of the United States.

Comparison of a Scottish new town with nuclear reprocessing sites in Britain", L

  • Kinlen, Lancet 2:1323-1327
  • 1988