Cancer across the tree of life: cooperation and cheating in multicellularity

  title={Cancer across the tree of life: cooperation and cheating in multicellularity},
  author={C. Athena Aktipis and Amy M. Boddy and Gunther Jansen and Urszula Hibner and Michael E Hochberg and Carlo C. Maley and Gerald S Wilkinson},
  booktitle={Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences},
Multicellularity is characterized by cooperation among cells for the development, maintenance and reproduction of the multicellular organism. Cancer can be viewed as cheating within this cooperative multicellular system. Complex multicellularity, and the cooperation underlying it, has evolved independently multiple times. We review the existing literature on cancer and cancer-like phenomena across life, not only focusing on complex multicellularity but also reviewing cancer-like phenomena… CONTINUE READING
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