Canadian Firearms Legislation and Effects on Homicide 1974 to 2008

@article{Langmann2012CanadianFL,
  title={Canadian Firearms Legislation and Effects on Homicide 1974 to 2008},
  author={Caillin Langmann},
  journal={Journal of Interpersonal Violence},
  year={2012},
  volume={27},
  pages={2303 - 2321}
}
  • C. Langmann
  • Published 10 February 2012
  • Law
  • Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Canada has implemented legislation covering all firearms since 1977 and presents a model to examine incremental firearms control. The effect of legislation on homicide by firearm and the subcategory, spousal homicide, is controversial and has not been well studied to date. Legislative effects on homicide and spousal homicide were analyzed using data obtained from Statistics Canada from 1974 to 2008. Three statistical methods were applied to search for any associated effects of firearms… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Effect of firearms legislation on suicide and homicide in Canada from 1981 to 2016
TLDR
Canada implemented a series of laws regulating firearms including background and psychological screening, licensing, and training in the years 1991, 1994, and 2001 which had no associated beneficial effect on overall suicide and homicide rates.
The effect of legislation on firearm-related deaths in Canada: a systematic review
TLDR
Evidence supporting the effectiveness of Canadian firearms legislation in the reduction of homicide and accidental death rates is inconclusive; a decrease in firearm-related suicide rates was observed by most studies, but evidence of method substitution was also identified.
Does regulation matter? A cross‐national analysis of the impact of gun policies on homicide and suicide rates
In this contribution, we evaluate the effectiveness of firearm regulations in curbing the number of homicides and suicides committed both with and without firearms. We develop a gun control index
What Do We Know About the Association Between Firearm Legislation and Firearm-Related Injuries?
TLDR
High quality research on the association between the implementation or repeal of firearm legislation (rather than the evaluation of existing laws) and firearm injuries would lead to a better understanding of what interventions are likely to work given local contexts.
Factors Influencing the Probability of Clearance and Time to Clearance of Canadian Homicide Cases, 1991-2011
TLDR
Results showed some notable differences in clearance times among demographic variables, but incident characteristics—notably drug or gang involvement—largely overshadowed the effects of victim characteristics.
Mass shootings in Australia and the United States, 1981-2013
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to compare the incidence and main characteristics of mass shooting events in Australia and the USA in the period 1981-2013. Design/methodology/approach – The
Evaluating the success of legislative amendments designed to reduce work disability
TLDR
It was found no evidence that Tasmania’s amendments achieved the intended effect of reducing disability duration of injured workers, and secondary analysis showed that disability duration did not significantly change for injured workers with short or long duration claims.
The National Context of Wicked Problems: Comparing Policies on Gun Violence in the US, Canada, and Australia
Abstract Scholars and practitioners have always been dogged by problems that are so complex that no practical solution appears to be possible. These have been referred to in the academic literature
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 39 REFERENCES
Firearms regulation and declining rates of male suicide in Quebec
TLDR
The Joinpoint regression models suggest that firearm suicide rates declined towards the end of the 1990s, and total suicide rates also declined among men aged 15–34 and 35–64 years during this period.
Gun Control Law (BILL C-17), Suicide, and Homicide in Canada
TLDR
Analysis showed a significant decrease after passage of Bill C-17 in the rates of suicides and homicides involving firearms and the percentage of suicides using firearms, providing support for the position that restricting the availability of firearms as a lethal means of committing suicide and homicide may help reduce the numbers of suicide and homicides.
An Evaluation of the 1977 Canadian Firearms Legislation
This article uses a pooled cross-section, time-series model to evaluate the effect of the 1977 Canadian firearms legislation on the provincial homicide rate between 1969 and 1989. This type of model
Controlling firearms use in Australia: has the 1996 gun law reform produced the decrease in rates of suicide with this method?
TLDR
The implemented restrictions may not be responsible for the observed reductions in firearms suicide, but data suggest that a change in social and cultural attitudes could have contributed to the shift in method preference.
An evaluation of the 1977 Canadian firearm legislation: robbery involving a firearm
The effect of the 1977 Canadian firearm legislation on robberies involving firearms is evaluated between 1974 and 1992 using a pooled cross-section, time series model. The results show that the 1977
Gun Availability and Use of Guns for Suicide, Homicide, and Murder in Canada
TLDR
A reliability check of Lester's (2000b) 1970–1995 time series that examined associations between the availability of firearms and their use for homicide and suicide in Canada found there was a decrease over time of total suicide and homicide rates and firearm suicide and homicides rates, and with a slight indication of substitution of other methods for suicide.
Weak Tests and Strong Conclusions: A Re-Analysis of Gun Deaths and the Australian Firearms Buyback
Using time series analysis on data from 1979-2004, Baker and McPhedran (2006) argue that the stricter gun laws introduced in the National Firearms Agreement (NFA) post- 1996 did not affect firearm
The Australian Firearms Buyback and its Effect on Gun Deaths
TLDR
The results of these tests suggest that the NFA did not have any large effects on reducing firearm homicide or suicide rates.
Gun Laws and Sudden Death Did the Australian Firearms Legislation of 1996 Make a Difference
TLDR
AutoRegressive Integrated Moving Average was used to predict future values of the time series for homicide, suicide and accidental death before and after the 1996 National Firearms Agreement, and firearm suicide was the only parameter the NFA may have influenced.
Mixed Impact of Firearms Restrictions on Fatal Firearm Injuries in Males: A National Observational Study
TLDR
A 1990 regulation, requiring a police permit before acquiring a shotgun, had a beneficial impact on suicide in the total sample and in those aged 15–34 years, and the findings suggest that two laws could have contributed to reduce male firearm mortality.
...
...