Can you see the real me? Activation and expression of the "true self" on the Internet.

  title={Can you see the real me? Activation and expression of the "true self" on the Internet.},
  author={John A. Bargh and Katelyn Y. A. McKenna and Gr{\'a}inne M. Fitzsimons},
  journal={Journal of Social Issues},
Those who feel better able to express their “true selves” in Internet rather than face-to-face interaction settings are more likely to form close relationships with people met on the Internet (McKenna, Green, & Gleason, this issue). Building on these correlational findings from survey data, we conducted three laboratory experiments to directly test the hypothesized causal role of differential self-expression in Internet relationship formation. Experiments 1 and 2, using a reaction time task… 

Figures from this paper

"On the Internet No One Knows I'm an Introvert": Extroversion, Neuroticism, and Internet Interaction

It was found that introverted and neurotic people locate their "real me" on the Internet, while extroverts and nonneurotic people locating their " real me" through traditional social interaction.

The expression of the true self in the online world: a literature review

A systematic literature review is conducted to examine what is already known about the expression of the true self online and offers readers an easy access to the current status of research in this field.

The Exploration of E-personality in IT-enabled Value Co-creation

The main purpose of this study is to explore the attributes of e-personality on participants in the value collaboration process and to help the readers understand the true self of different types of participants in IT-enabled value co-creation works.

Shyness, Sociability, and the Use of Computer-Mediated Communication in Relationship Development

The present study predicted that individuals who indicated higher levels of both shyness and sociability would be able to express their true-selves to a greater extent online and their relationships online would grow more quickly and be more satisfying relative to others.

The relationship between self-reports of personality and computer mediated interactions

Social networking sites such as Facebook have become some of the most popular means of communication to date; with 37.5% of the U.S. population being active users, as well as accounting for around

An experimental test of the effects of online and face-to-face feedback on self-esteem

This study investigated the effect of receiving confirming vs. disconfirming feedback to individuals’ self-disclosure on their self-esteem, the role of giving reciprocal feedback in this

The Effect of Face-to-Face versus Computer-Mediated Communication on Interpersonal Outcomes in Getting-Acquainted Situations

People use technology more today than ever before to self-disclose and form new relationships with others. Successful relationship development is often marked by the presence of positive

Who am I - and if so, where? An experiment on personality in online virtual realities

Virtual realities form a new technical platform, raising scientific questions about the human mind, communication and identity. There is hardly any scientific research on the influence of a virtual

When online meets offline: A field investigation of modality switching




Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet

From the Publisher: A Question of Identity Life on the Screen is a fascinating and wide-ranging investigation of the impact of computers and networking on society, peoples' perceptions of

The self-fulfilling nature of positive illusions in romantic relationships: love is not blind, but prescient.

In this study of the long-term benefits (or possible costs) of positive illusions, both members of dating couples completed measures of idealization and well-being 3 times in a year to reveal that idealization had a variety of self-fulfilling effects.

Intimacy as an interpersonal process: the importance of self-disclosure, partner disclosure, and perceived partner responsiveness in interpersonal exchanges.

Overall, the findings strongly supported the conceptualization of intimacy as a combination of self-disclosure and partner disclosure at the level of individual interactions with partner responsiveness as a partial mediator in this process.

Disclosing oneself to a stranger: Reciprocity and its limits

Plan 9 From Cyberspace: The Implications of the Internet for Personality and Social Psychology

Just as with most other communication breakthroughs before it, the initial media and popular reaction to the Internet has been largely negative, if not apocalyptic. For example, it has been described

Self-disclosure and liking: a meta-analytic review.

Results suggest that various disclosure-liking effects can be integrated and viewed as operating together within a dynamic interpersonal system.

On the Self-Fulfilling Nature of Social Stereotypes.

This paper explores the cognitive and behavioral consequencesof our impressions of other people in the context of social stereotypes. Social stereotypes are a special case of interpersonal

The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life

hen an individual enters the presence of oth ers, they commonly seek to acquire information about him or to bring into play information about him already possessed. They will be interested in his

Self-discrepancy: a theory relating self and affect.

A theory of how different types of discrepancies between self-state representations are related to different kinds of emotional vulnerabilities is presented and differences in both the relative magnitude and the accessibility of individuals' available types of self-discrepancies are predicted to be related to differences in the kinds of discomfort people are likely to experience.

Computer-Mediated Communication

While computer-mediated communication use and research are proliferating rapidly, findings offer contrasting images regarding the interpersonal character of this technology. Research trends over the