Can we agree on an ecological classification of subterranean animals?

  title={Can we agree on an ecological classification of subterranean animals?},
  author={Boris {\vS}ket},
  journal={Journal of Natural History},
  pages={1549 - 1563}
  • B. Šket
  • Published 1 June 2008
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of Natural History
That the ties between any obligate subterranean species and the hypogean environment depend on the interplay of a species' own physiological characteristics and all of the ecological characteristics of the adjacent epigean habitat(s), including biotic factors, has been emphasized. The reasons why troglomorphy cannot be included within criteria for classifying cave dwellers have been demonstrated. After a review of historic classifications, standardized definitions of the most widely used terms… 
The ecological niche of a specialized subterranean spider
The ecological niche of the subterranean spider Troglohyphantes vignai (Araneae, Linyphiidae) was described and the methodology used may be easily adapted to other hypogean sites, paving the way to a novel understanding of niche partitioning in subterranean ecosystems.
Subterranean Fauna of the Arid Zone
Subterranean fauna can be divided into two broad groups – stygofauna are aquatic and occur in groundwater, while troglofauna are air-breathing and occur in the unsaturated zone from depths of a metre
Cold tolerance in terrestrial invertebrates inhabiting subterranean habitats
Trogloxenes and troglophiles together represent a group of variously adapted species, rather than two ecologically clearly separated categories, and, on the other hand, trogLobionts divide into two strictly separated subgroups.
Towards a biologically meaningful classification of subterranean organisms: a critical analysis of the Schiner-Racovitza system from a historical perspective, difficulties of its application and implications for conservation
This work analyzes in a conceptual framework the main ecological classifications of subterranean organisms, from Schiner to Trajano, in 2012, so far the last author to introduce a relevant conceptual change on the categories definitions, incorporating the source-sink population model.
The Biology of Caves and Other Subterranean Habitats
The Biology of Caves and other Subterranean Habitats offers a concise but comprehensive introduction to cave ecology and evolution and more than 650 references, 150 of which are new since the first edition, provide many entry points to the research literature.
Kotumsar Cave biodiversity: a review of cavernicoles and their troglobiotic traits
  • J. Biswas
  • Environmental Science
    Biodiversity and Conservation
  • 2009
The Kotumsar Cave is biologically the best known cave in India and has attracted interest from researchers from all over the world, but several species which are highly endemic to this cave are probably in verge of its extinction.
Nematodes in caves: a historical perspective on their occurrence, distribution and ecological relevance
An in-depth review of all reports related to cave-dwelling nematodes is conducted to provide a sound basis for future studies and the trophic distribution of the reported taxa is presented.
The “Alluvial Mesovoid Shallow Substratum”, a New Subterranean Habitat
It is possible that the “alluvial MSS” may be found in other areas of the world with strongly seasonal climatic regimes, and could play an important role as a biogeographic corridor and as a refuge from climatic changes.
Habitat features and distribution of Salamandra salamandra in underground springs
The occurrence of S. salamandra in underground environ - ments was not accidental, but repeated in the time and interesting from an ecological point of view, confirming the high plasticity of the species.


The nature of biodiversity in hypogean waters and how it is endangered
  • B. Šket
  • Environmental Science
    Biodiversity & Conservation
  • 2004
Comparison of some faunas shows that the limiting factors for biodiversity might be the lower ecological diversity of habitats and restricted food resources underground, both brought about to a high degree by the darkness and absence of plants.
A taxonomic listing is given for new records of 66 species of staphylinid beetles collected in caves in the contiguous United States, with most species judged to be either accidentals or infrequent troglophilic inhabitants of caves.
A Census of the Obligate Subterranean Fauna of the Balkan Peninsula
The Slovenian karst won its appellation as the “cradle of speleobiology” (biospeleology) when it became evident later that these early phases of discovery had both taken place in a region which is particularly rich in cave and interstitial aquatic fauna.
Cave Ecology and the Evolution of Troglobites
Obligatory cavernicoles, or troglobites, have traditionally been of special interest to evolutionary biologists for several reasons. The existence of animal life in caves and other subterranean
A black, non-troglomorphic amphibian from the karst of Slovenia: Proteus anguinus parkelj n. ssp. (Urodela: Proteidae)
An allozyme analysis over 40 loci has shown the new dark pigmented taxon to be genetically similar to a white and troglomorphic neighbouring population from Sticna and genetically dissimilar to a geographically more distant population from Postojna.
Water loss rates, cuticular permeability, metabolic rates and rhythms were determined for th e troglobitic spider, Lycosa howarthi, and an undescribed epigean spider, Lycosa sp ., collected from lav
The cave fauna of Alabama: Part I. The terrestrial invertebrates (excluding insects)
Some 178 species of free-living terrestrial non-insect invertebrates are reported; 29 of these species are troglobites, 62 troglophiles. The troglobites include 3 snails, 1 terrestrial isopod, 7
Encyclopedia of Caves
except in a few extremely arid regions. Figure 1 shows the variety of sources for the water responsible for the development of caves. Most of the caves are dissolved by the movement of groundwater in
The effect of light on oxygen consumption in two amphipod crustaceans–the hypogean Niphargus stygius and the epigean Gammarus fossarum
The results indicate a stress response in which exploitation of half the metabolic potential for energy production in N. stygius during exposure to high light intensity constitutes an adverse effect on its metabolism, since this species usually uses less than 25% of its total metabolic Potential for standard metabolic demands.
Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science
Entries include: Africa, South: Archaeological Caves Art in Caves: History Australia: Biospeleology Biodiversity in Terrestrial Cave Habitats Cave Minerals Chemistry of Natural Karst Waters Dating of