Can the tea tree oil (Australian native plant: Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel) be an alternative treatment for human demodicosis on skin?

@article{Lam2018CanTT,
  title={Can the tea tree oil (Australian native plant: Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel) be an alternative treatment for human demodicosis on skin?},
  author={Nelson Siu Kei Lam and Xin Xin Long and Robert C. Griffin and Mu-kai Chen and James C G Doery},
  journal={Parasitology},
  year={2018},
  volume={145},
  pages={1510 - 1520}
}
Abstract Australian tea tree oil (TTO) and its extract terpinen-4-ol (T4O) are found to be effective in moderating demodex-related diseases. Their possible effects are lowering the mite counts, relieving the demodex-related symptoms and modulating the immune system especially the inflammatory response. This review summarizes the topical treatments of TTO and T4O in human demodicosis, their possible mechanism of actions, side-effects and potential resistance in treating this condition. Although… 

Comparison of the efficacy of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil with other current pharmacological management in human demodicosis: A Systematic Review

TLDR
TTO (especially T4O) is found to be the most effective followed by metronidazole, ivermectin and permethrin in managing the Demodex mite population and the related symptoms and further research needs to be focused on the efficacy and drug delivery technology in order to develop alternative treatments with better side-effects profiles, less toxicity, lower risk of resistance and are more cost-effective.

Antiparasitic Activity of Tea Tree Oil (TTO) and Its Components against Medically Important Ectoparasites: A Systematic Review

TLDR
The promising outcomes observed in clinical studies provide enough evidence to justify the use of TTO in the pharmacotherapy of ectoparasitic infections, and the compelling in vitro activity of TOF seems to have translated well into the clinical environment.

The sensitivity of Demodex canis (Acari: Demodicidae) to the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia - an in vitro study.

TLDR
The results showed that the higher the concentration of the oil, the more quickly its lethal effect occurred, and that the survival times in the controls were longer than in the different concentrations of melaleuca oil.

Tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) and its essential oil: antimicrobial, antioxidant and acaricidal effects in poultry production

TLDR
Tea tree essential oils when supplemented in poultry diets have high positive effects regarding productivity performance, but this requires further field experiments to clarify standardisation of the material and effective inclusion levels.

ANTIMICROBIAL, ANTIOXIDANT AND ACARICIDAL PROPERTIES OF TEA TREE (Melaleuca alternifolia)

Aim of this paper is to show antimicrobial, antifungal, antioxidant and acaricidal properties of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia). Tea tree exhibits wide spectrum of antimicrobial activity. Its mode

Study on the Therapeutic Effect of Melaleuca Oil on Mites in Patients with Dry Eye

TLDR
Melaleuca Oil has a good killing effect on mites, while common eyelid cleaning (Iodophor, Cotrimoxazole, Chlorhexidine Acetate, Houttuynia cordata) has a weaker kill effect on eye mites than Melaleuca oil.

The Pathogenic Role of Demodex Mites in Rosacea: A Potential Therapeutic Target Already in Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea?

  • F. Forton
  • Medicine, Biology
    Dermatology and Therapy
  • 2020
TLDR
Patients with only vascular symptoms of rosacea should be carefully examined for the presence of follicular scales as signs of Demodex overgrowth or pityriasis folliculorum so that these patients, at least, can be treated early with an acaricidal cream.

Characterization of tea tree oil nanoemulsion and its acute and subchronic toxicity.

Tea tree oil for Demodex blepharitis.

TLDR
The effectiveness of tea tree oil for treating Demodex blepharitis is not well documented and the authors noted that mean habitual LogMAR visual acuity for all study participants improved post-treatment, as compared to other interventions.

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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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