Can personality traits predict musical style preferences? A meta-analysis

  title={Can personality traits predict musical style preferences? A meta-analysis},
  author={Thomas Sch{\"a}fer and Claudia Mehlhorn},
  journal={Personality and Individual Differences},
Abstract A meta-analysis was performed on the results of previous studies investigating the association between personality traits and music preferences. Regarding the categorization of personality traits, the Big Five and sensation seeking were used most often and were therefore chosen as the most appropriate categories in the meta-analysis. Regarding the categorization of musical style preferences, the five-dimensional MUSIC (mellow, unpretentious, sophisticated, intense, contemporary) model… Expand
Musical Preferences Predict Personality: Evidence From Active Listening and Facebook Likes
Two large-scale online studies with demographically diverse populations establish the robustness and external validity of the links between musical preferences and personality. Expand
Predicting musical taste: Relationships with personality aspects and political orientation
Based on their meta-analysis, Schäfer and Mehlhorn argue that the weak relationships identified indicate that personality is a poor predictor of musical taste. The present research challenged this byExpand
Associations between musical preferences and personality in female secondary school students.
It is widely believed that someone’s personality can be assessed through their musical taste. There are many theoretical approaches that explain why this could be true, and a long tradition ofExpand
Psychopathy and entertainment preferences: Clarifying the role of abnormal and normal personality in music and movie interests
Abstract We examined the associations between psychopathic subdimensions and music and movie genre preferences in a community sample (N = 429). We also considered the extent to which these relationsExpand
Individual Differences in Music Listener Motivations: The Neglected Values
Considerable research on music psychology indicates correlations between musical preferences and individual differences in personality, between the various uses of music and personality traits, andExpand
On the relevance of music genre-based analysis in research on musical tastes
The investigation of the link between personality and musical tastes has led certain psychology researchers to examine the latent dimensions of musical tastes. In this area of research, investigatorsExpand
Neuroticism and emotion regulation through music listening: A meta-analysis
Recent research has found that neuroticism (i.e., trait emotional instability) may dispose people to use music listening as a strategy to regulate their emotions. To estimate the magnitude of thisExpand
“Just the Way You Are”: Linking Music Listening on Spotify and Personality
Advances in digital technology have put music libraries at people’s fingertips, giving them immediate access to more music than ever before. Here we overcome limitations of prior research byExpand
Unfinished sympathies: Influence of individual temporal orientation on music preferences
Temporal aspects have been studied extensively within the context of music perception but insufficiently within the context of music preference. In this online questionnaire study, I investigated theExpand
Musical preferences of Brazilian high school students
The results of this study suggest that Mellow music was the most preferred while Sophisticated music wasThe least preferred among participants, and gender was a better predictor for music preferences than age. Expand


Music Preference and the Five-Factor Model of the NEO Personality Inventory
Student subjects completed an updated version of Litle and Zuckerman's Music Preference Scale, a questionnaire measuring musical preference. They also completed the NEO Personality InventoryExpand
What Do Music Preferences Reveal About Personality? A Cross-Cultural Replication Using Self-Ratings and Ratings of Music Samples
The present study is the first to examine the relationship between music preferences and personality among a sample of young Germans (N = 422, age range 21-26 years). We replicated the factorExpand
Personality Correlates of Aesthetic Preferences for Art, Architecture, and Music
The current study investigated the relationship between aesthetic preferences and the Big-Five personality dimensions across the three domains of art, architecture, and music. A five-factorExpand
Musical Preferences are Linked to Cognitive Styles
Investigating how individual differences in musical preferences are explained by the empathizing-systemizing (E-S) theory showed that empathy levels are linked to preferences even within genres and account for significant proportions of variance in preferences over and above personality traits for various music-preference dimensions. Expand
Relationship Between Music and Visual Art Preferences and Some Personality Traits
The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between musical and visual art preferences, and the role of personality traits in predicting preferences for different musical styles andExpand
Personality and Uses of Music as Predictors of Preferences for Music Consensually Classified as Happy, Sad, Complex, and Social
This study replicates the findings of a recent study (Chamorro-Premuzic, Goma-i-Freixanet, Furnham, & Muro, 2009) on the relationship between the Big Five personality traits and everyday uses ofExpand
Metalheads: The influence of personality and individual differences on preference for heavy metal
Previous studies have reported reliable associations between personality and music preferences, but have tended to rely on cross-genre preferences at the expense of preferences within a singleExpand
Music preferences and personality among Japanese university students.
  • R. Brown
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of psychology : Journal international de psychologie
  • 2012
Investigation of personality profiles and general music genre preferences of 268 Japanese college students indicated openness and particularly the facet of "aesthetic appreciation" were associated with a preference for "reflective" music, while one extraversion facet was associated with the preference for pop music. Expand
A do re mi encore: A closer look at the personality correlates of music preferences.
Abstract. Through the development of the Short Test of Musical Preferences (STOMP) and a larger theory of music preferences, Rentfrow and Gosling (2003, 2006) have helped guide the way towardExpand
The Song Is You
Research suggests that musical preferences are linked to personality, but this research has been hindered by genre-based theories and methods. We address this limitation using a novel method based onExpand