Can non-state global governance be legitimate? An analytical framework

  title={Can non-state global governance be legitimate? An analytical framework},
  author={Steven Bernstein and Benjamin Cashore},
  journal={Regulation \& Governance},
In the absence of effective national and intergovernmental regulation to ameliorate global environmental and social problems, “private” alternatives have proliferated, including self-regulation, corporate social responsibility, and public–private partnerships. Of the alternatives, “non-state market driven” (NSMD) governance systems deserve greater attention because they offer the strongest regulation and potential to socially embed global markets. NSMD systems encourage compliance by… 
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