Can low-carbon urban development be pro-poor? The case of Kolkata, India

  title={Can low-carbon urban development be pro-poor? The case of Kolkata, India},
  author={S. Colenbrander and A. Gouldson and J. Roy and N. Kerr and S. Sarkar and S. Hall and A. Sudmant and A. Ghatak and Debalina Chakravarty and D. Ganguly and Faye McAnulla},
  journal={Environment \& Urbanization},
  pages={139 - 158}
Fast-growing cities in the global South have an important role to play in climate change mitigation. However, city governments typically focus on more pressing socioeconomic needs, such as reducing urban poverty. To what extent can social, economic and climate objectives be aligned? Focusing on Kolkata in India, we consider the economic case for low-carbon urban development, and assess whether this pathway could support wider social goals. We find that Kolkata could reduce its energy bill by 8… Expand
Exploring the economic case for climate action in cities
There is increasing interest in the potential of cities to contribute to climate mitigation. Multiple assessments have evaluated the scale and composition of urban GHG emissions, while others haveExpand
Building thriving, low-carbon cities: An Overview of Policy Options for National Governments
Action by national governments is crucial for achieving sustainable, economically productive urban development. A range of benefits can be achieved through development focused on compact, accessibleExpand
The Economics of Climate Mitigation: Exploring the Relative Significance of the Incentives for and Barriers to Low-carbon Investment in Urban Areas
Achieving net zero emissions by 2050, as envisioned in the Paris Agreement, will require radical changes to urban form and function. Securing the necessary commitments and resources will be easier inExpand
Building Resilience to Climate Change in Informal Settlements
Approximately 1 billion people currently live in informal settlements, primarily in urban areas in low- and middle-income countries. Informal settlements are defined by poor-quality houses or shacksExpand
Mainstreaming climate adaptation and mitigation policy: Towards multi-level climate governance in Melaka, Malaysia
Abstract Cities' responses to the challenge of climate change mainly relate to urban spatial planning and capacity-building initiatives. Those are enhanced by supportive climate adaptation policiesExpand
Co-benefits and synergies between urban climate change mitigation and adaptation measures: A literature review.
  • Ayyoob Sharifi
  • Medicine, Business
  • The Science of the total environment
  • 2020
It was found that appropriate levels of density, promotion of public transportation, and urban greenery are measures that are more likely to provide synergistic benefits if combined with other adaptation and/or mitigation measures. Expand
Making the case for the nexus between resilience and resource efficiency at the city scale
ABSTRACT Global challenges such as climate change, resource scarcity and poverty must increasingly be tackled in cities. While cities can be significant contributors to climate change and resourceExpand
The Spatial and Temporal Characteristics of Urban Heat Island Intensity: Implications for East Africa’s Urban Development
Due to the combination of climate change and the rapid growth in urban populations in Africa, many urban areas are encountering exacerbated urban heat island (UHI) effects. It is important toExpand
Private opportunities, public benefits? The scope for private finance to deliver low-carbon transport systems in Kigali, Rwanda
A significant portion of finance for a low-carbon transition is expected to come from private sources. This may be particularly the case in the transport sector, where there is a large private sectorExpand
Climate policy co-benefits: a review
ABSTRACT Concern over mitigation costs impedes the adoption of the climate policies needed to achieve agreed global warming targets. While costs are important to consider, so are benefits. However,Expand


Accelerating low-carbon development in the world's cities
This report finds that investing in public and low emission transport, building efficiency, and waste management in cities could generate savings with a current value of US$17 trillion by 2050. TheseExpand
Cities and climate change mitigation: Economic opportunities and governance challenges in Asia
Cities are central to the fight against climate change, but the IPCC recently noted that many cities — and particularly those in the developing world — lack the institutional, financial and technicalExpand
The economic case for low carbon waste management in rapidly growing cities in the developing world: The case of Palembang, Indonesia.
Evidence suggests that the waste sector can achieve substantial carbon emission reductions, and become a carbon sink, in a cost effective way, and there is an economic case for a low carbon development path for Palembang, and possibly for other cities in developing and developed countries facing similar challenges. Expand
Linking urban transport and land use in developing countries
The mobility challenges of the developing world are considerably different than those in wealthier, advanced countries, and so are the challenges of coordinating transportation and land use. RapidExpand
Energy Services for the Urban Poor: NGO Participation in Slum Electrification in India
Some 40% of the world's urban poor—living predominantly in informal settlements—lack access to legal electricity. Urban upgradation programmes, if they exist, prioritize water supply overExpand
Local and participatory approaches to building resilience in informal settlements in Uganda
Many of the people who are most vulnerable to the effects of climate change live in low-income and informal settlements in and around urban centres in Africa, Asia and Latin America. While there is aExpand
Twelve metropolitan carbon footprints: A preliminary comparative global assessment
A dearth of available data on carbon emissions and comparative analysis between metropolitan areas make it difficult to confirm or refute best practices and policies. To help provide benchmarks andExpand
Emerging trends in informal sector recycling in developing and transition countries.
This paper critically reviews trends in ISR activities in selected developing and transition countries and highlights six crucial aspects from literature: social acceptance, political will, mobilisation of cooperatives, partnerships with private enterprises, management and technical skills, as well as legal protection measures. Expand
Pro-equity Effects of Ancillary Benefits of Climate Change Policies: A Case Study of Human Health Impacts of Outdoor Air Pollution in New Delhi
Summary This paper looks at the human health impacts from urban air pollution in India. Such pollution is especially harmful to poor people, so the co-benefits from global climate change policies inExpand
Urban poverty reduction: learning by doing in Asia
This paper describes the Asian Coalition for Community Action (ACCA) programme that was initiated by the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights (ACHR) in 2009. ACCA seeks to catalyze and supportExpand