Can false memories be created through nonconscious processes?


Presentation times of study words presented in the Deese/Roediger and McDermott (DRM) paradigm varied from 20 to 2000 ms per word in an attempt to replicate the false memory effect following extremely short presentations reported by. Both in a within-subjects design (Experiment 1) and in a between-subjects design (Experiment 2) subjects showed memory for studied words as well as a false memory effect for related critical lures in the 2000-ms condition. However, in the conditions with shorter presentation times (20 ms in Experiment 1; 20 and 40 ms in Experiment 2) no memory for studied words, nor a false memory effect was found. We argue that there is at present no strong evidence supporting the claim for a nonconscious basis of the false memory effect.

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@article{Zeelenberg2003CanFM, title={Can false memories be created through nonconscious processes?}, author={Ren{\'e} Zeelenberg and Gijs Plomp and Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers}, journal={Consciousness and cognition}, year={2003}, volume={12 3}, pages={403-12} }