Can direct manipulation lower the barriers to computer programming and promote transfer of training? An experimental study

@article{Hundhausen2009CanDM,
  title={Can direct manipulation lower the barriers to computer programming and promote transfer of training? An experimental study},
  author={Christopher D. Hundhausen and Sean Farley and Jonathan Lee Brown},
  journal={ACM Trans. Comput.-Hum. Interact.},
  year={2009},
  volume={16},
  pages={13:1-13:40}
}
Novices face many barriers when learning to program a computer, including the need to learn both a new syntax and a model of computation. By constraining syntax and providing concrete visual representations on which to operate, direct manipulation programming environments can potentially lower these barriers. However, what if the ultimate learning goal of the novice is to be able to program in conventional textual languages, as is the case for introductory computer science students? Can direct… CONTINUE READING
Highly Cited
This paper has 46 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS