Can chemical communication be cryptic? Adaptations by herbivores to natural enemies exploiting prey semiochemistry

  title={Can chemical communication be cryptic? Adaptations by herbivores to natural enemies exploiting prey semiochemistry},
  author={Kenneth F. Raffa and Kenneth R. Hobson and S Lafontaine and Brian H. Aukema},
Predators and parasites commonly use chemical cues associated with herbivore feeding and reproduction to locate prey. However, we currently know little about mechanisms by which herbivores may avoid such natural enemies. Pheromones are crucial to many aspects of herbivore life history, so radical alterations of these compounds could be disadvantageous despite their exploitation by predators. Instead, minor modifications in pheromone chemistry may facilitate partial escape while maintaining… 

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