Can Only Intelligent People Be Creative? A Meta-Analysis

  title={Can Only Intelligent People Be Creative? A Meta-Analysis},
  author={Kyung Hee Kim},
  journal={Journal of Advanced Academics},
  pages={57 - 66}
  • K. H. Kim
  • Published 1 February 2005
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Advanced Academics
Some research has shown that creativity test scores are independent from IQ scores, whereas other research has shown a relationship between the two. To clarify the cumulative evidence in this field, a quantitative review of the relationship between creativity test scores and IQ scores was conducted. Moderating influences of IQ tests, IQ score levels, creativity tests, creativity subscales, creativity test types, gender, age, and below and above the threshold (IQ 120) were examined. Four hundred… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Intelligence and Creativity: Over the Threshold Together?
Threshold theory predicts a positive correlation between IQ and creativity scores up to an IQ level of 120 and no correlation above this threshold. Primary school children were tested at beginning (N
Creativity and intelligence: A link to different levels of human needs hierarchy?
Investigation of how creativity and intelligence are related to the different levels of human needs hierarchy largely confirm expectations: Intelligence is positively related to lower needs, while creativity measures show positive associations with higher levels ofhuman needs.
Creativity and Intelligence Revisited: A Latent Variable Analysis of Wallach and Kogan (1965)
Many decades of research have shown that creativity and intelligence are modestly related. Some studies, however, have found that creativity and intelligence are essentially unrelated. The best
Intelligence and Creativity: Relationships and their Implications for Positive Psychology
There is little consensus on the relationship between intelligence and creativity. This study aimed to investigate the associations between these constructs considering the importance that creativity
Another look at creativity and intelligence: Exploring higher-order models and probable confounds.
How strongly is creativity related to intelligence? Although a large body of work has found a small relationship between them, there are reasons to suspect that their relationship has been
Assessment of creativity evaluation skills: A psychometric investigation in prospective teachers
Abstract An accurate judgement of the creativity of ideas is seen as an important component underlying creative performance, and also seems relevant to effectively support the creativity of others.
Is creativity without intelligence possible? A Necessary Condition Analysis
This article extends the previous studies on the relationship between intelligence and creativity by providing a new methodology and an empirical test of the hypothesis that intelligence is a
Different Effects of Cognitive Shifting and Intelligence on Creativity
The relationship between creativity and executive control has long been controversial. Some researchers view creative thinking as a defocused process with little executive control involvement,
The relationship between intelligence and creativity: New support for the threshold hypothesis by means of empirical breakpoint detection
The relationship between intelligence and creativity has been subject to empirical research for decades. Nevertheless, there is yet no consensus on how these constructs are related. One of the most
The relationship between analytical and creative cognitive skills from middle childhood to adolescence: Testing the threshold theory in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia☆
Abstract Guilford's seminal studies (Guilford, 1967) propose that an average level of intelligence is required to demonstrate a creative skill. However, according to the threshold theory, in


Relationships between measures of creativity and measures of intelligence were analysed to show that even when the intercorrelations among the former are not appreciably larger than correlations
Intelligence, Divergent Thinking, and Creativity.
Abstract Guilford's Alternate Uses, Plot Titles, and Consequences tests were given to 94 university students along with the Concept Mastery Test, a traditional measure of verbal intelligence. These
? + ? = creativity.
This review, encompassing most subspecialties in the study of creativity and focusing on twenty-first-century literature, reveals both a growing interest in creativity among psychologists and a growing fragmentation in the field.
Reliability and factorial validity of the Wallach-Kogan creativity tests.
Results indicated that the Wallach-Kogan tests of ‘creativity’ and the Primary Mental Abilities test were highly reliable, clustered strongly among themselves and correlated poorly with the intelligence tests.
The Latent Structure and Measurement Invariance of Scores on the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking–Figural
There is disagreement among researchers as to whether creativity is a unidimensional or multidimensional trait. Much of the debate centers around the most widely used measure of creativity, the
Can We Trust Creativity Tests? A Review of the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT)
Dr. E. Paul Torrance, "Father of Creativity," is best known for developing the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking (TTCT). The TTCT was developed by Torrance in 1966. It has been renormed 4 times: in
Creativity, Intelligence, and Values: A Study of Relationships
the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) were used. The composition of this group according to IQ scores was: 41-50 (N=3); 51-60 (N=15); 61-70 (N=24); and 71-80 (N =33). A checklist of 94
Creative ability and risk-taking in elementary school children.
Interpretation of the creativity-risk taking relationship stressed the importance of self-confidence as a mediating link and significant relationships were obtained for boys between number of associates generated to creativity tasks administered under gamelike conditions and preferred level of risk taking on a shuffleboard task.
Doubts are raised concerning the notion of creative thinking as a simple function of age or of intelligence-there is need for more developmental studies of originality in varied social and cultural contexts.
The Validity of Tests of Creative Thinking in Seven-Year-Old Children
The three authors are students at Claremont Graduate School and Scripps College, Claremont, California. The major problem for the study of creativity in children is the lack of any measure of