Can Free Provision Reduce Demand for Public Services? Evidence from Kenyan Education

  title={Can Free Provision Reduce Demand for Public Services? Evidence from Kenyan Education},
  author={T. Bold and M. Kimenyi and G. Mwabu and J. Sandefur},
  journal={Public Economics: Publicly Provided Goods eJournal},
  • T. Bold, M. Kimenyi, +1 author J. Sandefur
  • Published 2013
  • Business, Economics
  • Public Economics: Publicly Provided Goods eJournal
  • In 2003 Kenya abolished user fees in all government primary schools. We show that this policy contributed to a shift in demand away from free schools, where net enrollment stagnated after 2003, toward fee-charging private schools, where both enrollment and fee levels grew rapidly after 2003. These shifts had mixed distributional consequences. Enrollment by poorer households increased, but segregation between socio-economic groups also increased. We find evidence that the shift in demand toward… CONTINUE READING
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