Can Compulsory Military Service Increase Civilian Wages? Evidence from the Peacetime Draft in Portugal

@article{Card2011CanCM,
  title={Can Compulsory Military Service Increase Civilian Wages? Evidence from the Peacetime Draft in Portugal},
  author={David Card and A. Cardoso},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
  year={2011}
}
Although the practice of military conscription was widespread during most of the past century, credible evidence on the effects of mandatory service is limited. Angrist (1990) showed that the Vietnam-era draft in the U.S. lowered the early-career wages of conscripts, a finding he attributed to the low value of military experience. More recent studies have found a mixed pattern of effects, with both negative (the Netherlands) and positive (in Sweden) earnings impacts. Even among Vietnam era… Expand
Effects of Mandatory Military Service on Wages and Other Socioeconomic Outcomes
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