Can Compulsory Military Service Increase Civilian Wages? Evidence from the Peacetime Draft in Portugal

@article{Card2011CanCM,
  title={Can Compulsory Military Service Increase Civilian Wages? Evidence from the Peacetime Draft in Portugal},
  author={David Card and Ana Rute Cardoso},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
  year={2011}
}
Although the practice of military conscription was widespread during most of the past century, credible evidence on the effects of mandatory service is limited. Angrist (1990) showed that the Vietnam-era draft in the U.S. lowered the early-career wages of conscripts, a finding he attributed to the low value of military experience. More recent studies have found a mixed pattern of effects, with both negative (the Netherlands) and positive (in Sweden) earnings impacts. Even among Vietnam era… 
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