Can Boosting Minority Car-Ownership Rates Narrow Inter-Racial Employment Gaps?

  title={Can Boosting Minority Car-Ownership Rates Narrow Inter-Racial Employment Gaps?},
  author={Steven Raphael and Michael A. Stoll},
  journal={Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs},
  pages={145 - 99}
In this paper, we assess whether boosting minority car-ownership rates would narrow inter-racial employment rate differentials. We pursue two empirical strategies. First, we explore whether the effect of auto ownership on the probability of being employed is greater for more segregated groups of workers. Exploiting the fact that African-Americans are considerably more segregated from whites than are Latinos, we estimate car-employment effects for blacks, Latinos, and whites and test whether… 

Geographical Skills Mismatch, Job Search and Race

This paper examines whether a geographical skills mismatch exists between the location of less-educated minorities, in particular African Americans, and high-skill job concentrations and, if so,

Car Ownership and the Labour Market of Ethnic Minorities

We show how initial wealth differences between low-skilled minorities and white workers can generate differences in their labor-market outcomes. This even occurs in the absence of a taste for

Employment and Earnings: A Case Study of Urban Detroit

This paper investigates the roles of manufacturing employment, neighborhood poverty, and family structure in determining wages among Detroit, MI workers, just prior to the current economic crisis.

Car Ownership and the Labor Markets of Ethnic Minorites

We show how small initial wealth differences between low skilled black and white workers can generate large differences in their labor-market outcomes. This even occurs in the absence of a taste for

The Effect of Car Ownership on Employment : Evidence from State Insurance Rate Regulation [ Job Market Paper – Preliminary and Incomplete ]

Various economic theories suggest that one reason for low rates of employment among low-skill, inner-city residents is that they are spatially separated from jobs that have moved out to the suburbs.

The Spatial Determinants Of Wage Inequality: Evidence From Recent Latina Immigrants In Southern California

Abstract Recent Latina immigrants to the United States earn lower hourly wages than any other broad demographic group. This paper investigates the role space and scale play in shaping the employment

Overcoming Spatial Mismatch: The Opportunities and Limits of Transit Mode in Addressing the Black–White Unemployment Gap

Spatial inequality is a central characteristic of U.S. metropolitan areas. Overcoming related employment disadvantages requires a broad set of responses: relocation, economic development, or an

Why Are Black Employers More Likely Than White Employers To Hire Blacks? Discussion Paper.

A consistent observation is that black employers tend to hire blacks at greater rates than do their white counterparts. This paper examines the reasons for this pattern using data from the 1992–1994

Car Access and Employment Outcomes for Tennessee Welfare Recipients

Executive Summary Work requirements imposed on American welfare recipients in 1996 brought a substantial policy and spending shift toward support services. Requiring participants to work meant

Why Are Black Employers More Likely to Hire African Americans than White Employers

A consistent observation is that black employers tend to hire African Americans at greater rates than their white counterparts. This paper examines the reasons for this pattern using data from the



Spatial factors and the employment of blacks at the firm level

In this paper we use data from a new survey of over 3,000 employers in four major metropolitan areas to investigate the determinants of black employment and wages at the firm level. We focus

Racial Differences in Spatial Job Search Patterns: Exploring the Causes and Consequences*

Abstract In this paper, we present an analysis of the spatial job search patterns of black, white, and Latino workers in Los Angeles. We find that blacks and Latinos tend to search in areas where


The spatial mismatch hypothesis argues that residential segregation and job decentralization combine to adversely affect the employment opportunities of minorities. While employment is increasingly

Spatial Job Search, Spatial Mismatch, and the Employment and Wages of Racial and Ethnic Groups in Los Angeles

Abstract This article examines racial/ethnic differences in geographic job search behavior and the differential effects that this search has on groups' employment and wages in Los Angeles. Using data

Inter and Intra-Ethnic Comparisons of the Central City Suburban Youth Employment Differential: Evidence from the Oakland Metropolitan Area

This analysis of data from the 5% Census Public Use Microdata Sample shows that residence in a low-employment growth area had a strong negative effect on both the probability of being employed and

The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis and Black Youth Joblessness: Evidence from the San Francisco Bay Area*

This paper presents an employment-based measure of intra- metropolitan accessibility to employment opportunities that provides strong evidence supporting the spatial mismatch hypothesis. The measure

Race, Redlining, and Automobile Insurance Prices

Following G. Becker's (1993) suggestion that tests for discrimination should attempt to infer whether profits differ for products sold to minorities and nonminorities, this article tests the

The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis: Three Decades Later

Abstract This paper provides a comprehensive review of the extensive scholarly literature dealing with the effect of housing market discrimination on the employment and earnings of Afro‐American

American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass

  • D. Massey
  • Economics
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1990
This article argues that racial segregation is crucial to explaining the emergence of the urban underclass during the 1970s. A strong interaction between rising rates of poverty and high levels of