Campylobacter hominis sp. nov., from the human gastrointestinal tract.

@article{Lawson2001CampylobacterHS,
  title={Campylobacter hominis sp. nov., from the human gastrointestinal tract.},
  author={Andrew J. Lawson and Stephen L. W. On and James M. Logan and Johnson Stanley},
  journal={International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology},
  year={2001},
  volume={51 Pt 2},
  pages={
          651-60
        }
}
  • A. Lawson, S. On, J. Stanley
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Biology
  • International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Sequences of 16S rDNA of a novel campylobacter from faeces of healthy humans were previously shown to originate from a new taxon, 'Candidatus Campylobacter hominis', which could not be cultured. Since phylogenetic analysis suggested that anaerobic conditions might be required for growth, an isolation strategy was developed employing initial non-selective membrane filtration onto fastidious anaerobe agar. Campylobacters were then isolated from the resulting mixed microbial flora by a dilution… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Campylobacter portucalensis sp. nov., a new species of Campylobacter isolated from the preputial mucosa of bulls
TLDR
Phenotypic characteristics and nucleotide sequence analysis of 16S rRNA and hsp60 genes demonstrated that these isolates belong to a novel species within the genus Campylobacter, and whole genome sequence analysis identified coding sequences highly homologous with other Campyloblacter spp.
Taxonomy of the family Campylobacteraceae
This chapter presents an overview of the biological diversity of Campylobacter species and Arcobacter species and also addresses the taxonomic information that has become available through
Campylobacter canadensis sp. nov., from captive whooping cranes in Canada.
TLDR
Ten isolates of an unknown Campylobacter species were isolated from cloacal swabs obtained from captive adult whooping cranes, and a species-specific primer set targeting the cpn60 gene was developed.
Isolation and characterization of Campylobacter massiliensis sp. nov., a novel Campylobacter species detected in a gingivitis subject.
TLDR
It is concluded that strain Marseille-Q3452T represents a novel species of the genus Campylobacter, for which the name Campyloblacter massiliensis sp.
Campylobacter and Arcobacter
TLDR
Broad-range molecular identification schemes involving restriction fragment analysis of PCR-amplified regions of the 16S or 23S rRNA genes have also been described for identification of Campylobacter and Arcobacter species.
Campylobacter corcagiensis sp. nov., isolated from faeces of captive lion-tailed macaques (Macaca silenus).
TLDR
Three isolates formed a distinct group within the genus Campylobacter based on their 16S rRNA and hsp60 sequences and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) profiles, which was further supported by phenotypic characteristics of the isolates.
Campylobacter geochelonis sp. nov. isolated from the western Hermann's tortoise (Testudo hermanni hermanni).
TLDR
P Phenotypic and genetic analyses demonstrate that the three Campylobacter strains isolated from the western Hermann's tortoise represent a novel species within the genus Campyloblacter, for which the name CampylOBactergeochelonis sp.
Campylobacter subantarcticus sp. nov., isolated from birds in the sub-Antarctic region.
TLDR
Comprehensive phylogenetic, genomic and phenotypic evidence is presented that these isolates represent a novel species within the genus Campylobacter, for which the name CampylOBacter subantarcticus sp.
Taxonomy of Campylobacter, Arcobacter, Helicobacter and related bacteria: current status, future prospects and immediate concerns
  • S. On
  • Biology
    Symposium series
  • 2001
TLDR
The purpose of this article is to review the major developments in the taxonomy of Campylobacter from its inception to the present day; summarize the most recent changes in the field; analyse current topical issues of special relevance to applied microbiologists, including identification of the bacteria; and speculate on future prospects for campylobacterial taxonomy.
Novel Campylobacter lari-like bacteria from humans and molluscs: description of Campylobacter peloridis sp. nov., Campylobacter lari subsp. concheus subsp. nov. and Campylobacter lari subsp. lari subsp. nov.
TLDR
A polyphasic study was undertaken to clarify the taxonomic position of Campylobacter lari-like strains isolated from shellfish and humans, revealing the existence of two clusters distinct from C. lari and other Campyloblacter species.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES
Campylobacter showae sp. nov., isolated from the human oral cavity.
TLDR
Nine Campylobacter-like strains isolated from human gingival crevices were characterized and proposed as a new species, which was gram-negative, straight rods that were motile by means of multiple unipolar flagella.
Campylobacter helveticus sp. nov., a new thermophilic species from domestic animals: characterization, and cloning of a species-specific DNA probe.
TLDR
It is concluded that these bacteria constitute a previously undescribed species for which the name Campylobacter helveticus sp.
Helicobacter canis sp. nov., a new species from dogs: an integrated study of phenotype and genotype.
TLDR
The faecal source, bile tolerance and lack of urease activity of H. canis sp.
16S rRNA gene sequences of 'Candidatus Campylobacter hominis', a novel uncultivated species, are found in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy humans.
TLDR
Evidence is provided for the existence of a previously undescribed, uncultivated Campylobacter species that may be a commensal in the healthy human gut and the source of the amplicons are proposed to be 'Candidatus Campyobacter hominis'.
Revision of Campylobacter, Helicobacter, and Wolinella taxonomy: emendation of generic descriptions and proposal of Arcobacter gen. nov.
TLDR
It is proposed that the emended genus Campylobacter should be limited to campylobacters, which are far removed from the gram-negative bacteria allocated to the five rRNA superfamilies sensu De Ley and probably constitute a distinct genus within rRNA superfamily VI.
Emended description of Campylobacter sputorum and revision of its infrasubspecific (biovar) divisions, including C. sputorum biovar paraureolyticus, a urease-producing variant from cattle and humans.
TLDR
The present study confirmed previous findings showing that the salient biochemical tests used to differentiate C. sputorum from C. bubulus are not reproducible; and that the absolute validity of source-specific biovars of the species is questionable.
Wolinella gen. nov., Wolinella succinogenes (Vibrio succinogenes Wolin et al.) comb. nov., and Description of Bacteroides gracilis sp. nov., Wolinella recta sp. nov., Campylobacter concisus sp. nov., and Eikenella corrodens from Humans with Periodontal Disease
TLDR
It is proposed that Wolinella succinogenes is the name of a new genus to include anaerobic, asaccharolytic, rod-shaped bacteria with single polar flagella and deoxyribonucleic acid guanine-plus-cytosine contents of 42 to 49 mol%.
PCR detection, identification to species level, and fingerprinting of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli direct from diarrheic samples
TLDR
These PCR assays can rapidly define the occurrence, species incidence, and flaA genotypes of enteropathogenic campylobacters.
Assessment of enzyme detection tests useful in identification of campylobacteria
Twenty-one type or other reference strains, each representing a different Campylobacter, Helicobacter, or Arcobacter taxon, and a reference strain of Staphylococcus aureus were used to assess the
...
...