Campaldino, 1289

  title={Campaldino, 1289},
  author={Herbert L. Oerter},
  pages={429 - 450}
NORTH Central Italy in the latter half of the thirteenth century was a world in microcosm. Many of the contending forces, economic pressures, political and social prejudices, and jealousies which may be found in international affairs of our own time were present in Tuscany and adjacent areas in the High Middle Ages. The purpose of this paper is to describe the clash of arms which took place between the Commune of Florence and that of Arezzo in 1289. Although not listed among the great decisive…