Call to restrict neonicotinoids

@article{Goulson2018CallTR,
  title={Call to restrict neonicotinoids},
  author={Dave Goulson},
  journal={Science},
  year={2018},
  volume={360},
  pages={973 - 973}
}
  • D. Goulson
  • Published 1 June 2018
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Science
Neonicotinoids are the most widely used insecticides in the world ([ 1 ][1]). They are applied to a broad range of food, energy, and ornamental crops, and used in domestic pest control ([ 2 ][2]). Because they are neurotoxins, they are highly toxic to insects ([ 2 ][2]), a group of organisms that 
Neonicotinoids: molecular mechanisms of action, insights into resistance and impact on pollinators.
TLDR
The molecular mechanisms of neonicotinoid actions at an atomic level are reviewed, through structural and resistance mechanism studies and relevant research topics for further studies on the future of pest management are proposed.
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TLDR
Honey is used as reliable environmental sampler and an unprecedentedly sensitive method based on QuEChERS and UHPLC-MS/MS is developed for the simultaneous determination of the nine neonicotinoids and related molecules currently present on the market, finding that the five pesticides were stable over a period of several years at -20 °C, but that acetamiprid and thiacloprid partially degraded at room temperature.
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Superparasitism by a parasitoid wasp: The absence of sublethal effects from the neonicotinoid insecticide imidacloprid enlightens the specificity of the cholinergic pathway involved.
  • J. Delpuech
  • Medicine, Biology
    Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
  • 2020
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the major target of imidacloprid, namely type 1 α-bungarotoxin resistant nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR1), is not involved in the superparasitism behavior by L. boulardi and does not increase the rate of superpara-parasitization.
Cofactor-enabled functional expression of fruit fly, honeybee, and bumblebee nicotinic receptors reveals picomolar neonicotinoid actions
TLDR
Thioredoxin-related transmembrane protein 3 (TMX3) is essential to enable robust expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes of honeybee and bumblebee as well as fruit fly nAChR heteromers targeted by neonicotinoids and not hitherto robustly expressed, which has enabled the characterization of picomolar target site actions of neonicsotinoids, findings important in understanding their toxicity.
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